Alain Robert

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The female sex pheromone of the fungus-growing termitePseudacanthotermes spiniger (Termitidae, Macrotermitinae) was isolated from sternal glands of alates. The compound inducing attraction and excitation in males was identified as the (3Z,6Z,8E)-3,6,8-dodecatrien-1-ol by GC-MS, microhydrogenation, GC-FTIR, and NMR. This unsaturated alcohol is present in(More)
BACKGROUND Traffic is a source of environmental exposures, including benzene, which may be related to childhood leukemia. OBJECTIVES A national registry-based case-control study [ESCALE (Etude Sur les Cancers et les Leucémies de l'Enfant, Study on Environmental and Genetic Risk Factors of Childhood Cancers and Leukemia)] carried out in France was used to(More)
Urinary trans,trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA), a minor metabolite of benzene, is a potential candidate for biological monitoring of benzene. A clean-up procedure using SPE extraction cartridges was applied to urinary samples in order to improve the reliability of t,t-MA determinations by HPLC-UV greatly and to carry out convenient analyses on a routine scale,(More)
The diunsaturated C12 alcohol (Z,Z)-dodeca-3,6-dien-1-ol (dodecadienol) has been characterized by GC-MS and FTIR as a novel releaser pheromone in termites. This alcohol identified in Ancistrotermes pakistanicus (Termitidae, Macrotermitinae) possesses a double pheromonal function which again illustrates the chemical parsimony of termites compared with other(More)
Asparaginase is an enzyme used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphoblastic lymphoma in children. It has minimal bone marrow toxicity. Its major side effects are anaphylaxis, pancreatitis, diabetes, coagulation abnormalities, and thrombosis, especially intracranial. It is derived from 2 different sources: Escherichia coli and Erwinia(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the role of household exposure to pesticides in the etiology of childhood hematopoietic malignancies. METHODS The national registry-based case-control study ESCALE (Etude sur les cancers de l'enfant) was carried out in France over the period 2003-2004. Population controls were frequency matched with the cases on age and sex.(More)
trans,trans-Muconic acid (2,4-hexadienedioic acid) (t,t-MA) is a minor benzene metabolite which can be used as a biological indicator for benzene exposure. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the limits of use of t,t-MA for detection and quantification of occupational exposures to benzene, particularly on an individual scale, phenol being used as the(More)
When they are disturbed, soldiers of the two termite species Pseudacanthotermes spiniger and P. militaris hit the substratum with their head, thereby producing sounds. High-speed video recordings allowed us to analyze the movement. The sound emissions were recorded and their temporal structure was analyzed. Artificial stimulation proved that head-banging(More)
Trail-following bioassays show that trails of the two subterranean termites, Reticulitermes lucifugus grassei and R. santonensis, which are sympatric in some areas of southwestern France, are not species specific. Even when tested just above threshold level, trails from pentane extracts of whole workers of R. santonensis are always preferred by both(More)
Exogenous thiol compounds have been reported to protect the stomach from ethanol-induced necrotic lesions. The gastric mucosa contains high levels of an endogenous thiol, glutathion (GSH). Because of the known role of glutathione in protecting against hepatic injury, its role in gastric mucosal cytoprotection was of interest. By use of an animal model for(More)