Alain Rivard

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BACKGROUND The effect of aging on angiogenesis in ischemic vascular disease has not been studied. Accordingly, we investigated the hypothesis that angiogenesis is impaired as a function of age. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty days after the resection of 1 femoral artery, collateral vessel development was significantly impaired in old (aged 4 to 5 years; n=7)(More)
Previous studies have indicated that advanced age is associated with impaired angiogenesis in part because of reduced levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. To investigate potential mechanisms responsible for this age-dependent defect in VEGF expression, aortic smooth muscle cells isolated from young rabbits (ages 6-8 months) or old(More)
The demonstration that angiogenic growth factors can stimulate new blood vessel growth and restore perfusion in animal models of myocardial ischemia has led to the development of strategies designed for the local production of angiogenic growth factors in patients who are not candidates for conventional revascularization. The results of recent clinical(More)
Diabetes is a major risk factor for coronary and peripheral artery diseases. Although diabetic patients often present with advanced forms of these diseases, it is not known whether the compensatory mechanisms to vascular ischemia are affected in this condition. Accordingly, we sought to determine whether diabetes could: 1) impair the development of new(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial dysfunction is one of the earliest pathological effects of cigarette smoking. It has recently been suggested that endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) could contribute to ongoing endothelial maintenance and repair. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that cigarette smoking is associated with EPC dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS EPCs(More)
BACKGROUND Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are rapidly induced after arterial injury in different animal models. However, their precise role in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and neointimal formation in vivo remains to be determined. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the properties of a novel, selective inhibitor of the(More)
Hypercholesterolemia is associated with impaired neovascularization in response to ischemia. Potential mechanisms include defective NO bioactivity and a reduction in the number/function of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Here we tested the hypothesis that sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor that increases NO-driven cGMP levels, could stimulate(More)
Moderate consumption of red wine is associated with a decreased incidence of cardiovascular diseases in populations with relatively high amount of fat in the diet. However, the mechanisms involved in this protective effect are not completely understood. Here we show that moderate consumption of red wine (equivalent to 2 glasses/day in humans) but not(More)
Stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising approach to improve healing of the infarcted myocardium, to treat or prevent cardiac failure, and to restore lost cardiac function. Despite initial excitement, recent clinical trials using nonhomogenous human stem cells preparations showed variable results, raising concerns about the best cell type to transplant.(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of hyperlipidemia on collateral vessel development in vivo remains enigmatic. We sought to determine the anatomic extent and functional capacity of the collateral bed that develops in response to limb ischemia in a well characterized animal model of spontaneous hypercholesterolemia, the Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbit.(More)