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Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules present antigen by transporting peptides from intracellularly degraded proteins to the cell surface for scrutiny by cytotoxic T cells. Recent work suggests that peptide binding may be required for efficient assembly and intracellular transport of MHC class I molecules, but it is not clear whether(More)
The protective association between the human leukocyte antigen HLA-B53 and severe malaria was investigated by sequencing of peptides eluted from this molecule followed by screening of candidate epitopes from pre-erythrocytic-stage antigens of Plasmodium falciparum in biochemical and cellular assays. Among malaria-immune Africans, HLA-B53-restricted(More)
The work discussed here offers a unified view of T-cell recognition and suggests that class-I and class-II molecules have a closely related function in the presentation of peptides to T lymphocytes. The epitopes recognized by class I-restricted T cells that have been defined with peptides in the 4-6 hr lysis assay have all been derived from endogenously(More)
The threat of avian influenza A (H5N1) infection in humans remains a global health concern. Current influenza vaccines stimulate antibody responses against the surface glycoproteins but are ineffective against strains that have undergone significant antigenic variation. An alternative approach is to stimulate pre-existing memory T cells established by(More)
A transgenic mouse was generated expressing on most (> 80%) of thymocytes and peripheral T cells a T-cell receptor isolated from a cytotoxic T-cell clone (F5). This clone is CD8+ and recognizes alpha alpha 366-374 of the nucleoprotein (NP 366-374) of influenza virus (A/NT/60/68), in the context of Class I MHC Db (Townsend et al., 1986). The receptor(More)
Recent work has shown that a major population of murine influenza A specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) recognize the viral nucleoprotein. In order to investigate the mechanism by which this nonglycoprotein component of the virus is recognized by CTL, a series of deletion mutants of an A virus NP gene were studied. The results showed that CTL recognize(More)
The B cell line 721.174 has lost the ability to present intracellular antigens to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). This phenotype results from a homozygous deletion in the MHC that includes the peptide transporter genes TAP1 and TAP2, and the proteasome subunits LMP2 and LMP7. Recent work has shown(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules bind peptides in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). For this binding reaction, when performed in vitro, widely differing association rates have been reported. We have expressed empty soluble H-2Db class I molecules in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and generated complete sets of association,(More)
This study utilizes an analysis technique commonly used in marketing, the conjoint analysis method, to examine the relative utilities of a set of beef steak characteristics considered by a national sample of 1,432 US consumers, as well as additional localized samples representing undergraduate students at a business college and in an animal science(More)
We describe two proteins of 24 kDa and 33 kDa (p24 and p33) which associate with H-2 Kb and H-2 Db molecules, respectively, in human cells transfected with H-2 Kb and H-2 Db genes. This association is particularly clear in the mutant cell line T2, in which association of endogenous peptide with newly synthesized class I molecules may not occur (V. Cerundolo(More)