Alain Pradet

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Metabolic pathways of the intermediate metabolism of maize root tips were identified and quantified after labeling to isotopic and metabolic steady state using glucose labeled on carbon-1, -2, or -6 with 14C or 13C. The specific radioactivity of amino acids and the 13C-specific enrichment of specific carbons of free glucose, sucrose, alanine and glutamate(More)
The effects of glucose starvation on the oxidation of fatty acids were studied in excised maize (Zea mays L.) root tips. After 24 hours of glucose starvation, the rate of oxidation of palmitic acid to CO(2) by the root tips was increased 2.5-fold. Different enzyme activities were tested in a crude particulate fraction from nonstarved root tips and those(More)
Young intact plants of maize (Zea mays L. cv INRA 508) were exposed to 2 to 4 kilopascals partial pressure oxygen (hypoxic pretreatment) for 18 hours before excision of the 5 millimeter root apex and treatment with strictly anaerobic conditions (anoxia). Hypoxic acclimation gave rise to larger amounts of ATP, to larger ATP/ADP and adenylate energy charge(More)
Oxygen uptake and energy charge were monitored during aging of excised maize root tips and related to the soluble sugar content and exogenous sugar supply.Oxygen uptake declined immediately after excision to 50 to 30% of its initial value after 8 and 24 hours of aging at 25 C. There was also a sharp decline of the total sugar content (glucose, fructose, and(More)
In order to isolate glucose-starvation-related cDNAs in maize (Zea mays L.) root tips, a cDNA library was constructed with poly(A)+ mRNA from 24 h starved root tips. After differential screening of the library, we isolated six different cDNAs (named pZSS2 and pZSS7) which were expressed during glucose starvation. Time course analysis revealed that maximum(More)
Excised maize (Zea mays) root tips were used to follow the effects of a prolonged glucose starvation. Respiration rate began to decrease immediately after excision, reaching 30 to 40% of its initial value after 20 hours, and then declined more slowly until death of the tissues, which occurred after 200 hours of starvation. During the whole process,(More)
Excised maize (Zea mays L.) root tips were used to monitor the effects of prolonged glucose starvation on nitrogen metabolism. Following root-tip excision, sugar content was rapidly exhausted, and protein content declined to 40 and 8% of its initial value after 96 and 192 h, respectively. During starvation the contents of free amino acids changed. Amino(More)
Sucrose synthase activity increased in 2-day-old rice (Oryza sativa) seedlings submitted to anaerobic stress. Likewise, both denaturing and native Western blot analysis detected a rise in the cellular concentration of sucrose synthase protein. Significantly higher steady-state levels of sucrose synthase mRNA, as determined by Northern blots and by the(More)
We have followed the dynamic evolution of intracellular pH and of the intracellular concentration of nucleotides (NDP, NTP), Pi and lactate in maize root tips during the course of normoxia and anoxia transition. The intracellular pH, determined from the 31P-NMR chemical shift of the cytoplasmic P1 peak, dropped from 7.5 to 6.9 during the first few minutes(More)
An endopeptidase (designated RSIP, for root-starvation-induced protease) was purified to homogeneity from glucose-starved maize roots. The molecular mass of the enzyme was 59 kDa by SDS/PAGE under reducing conditions and 62 kDa by gel filtration on a Sephacryl S-200 column. The isoelectric point of RSIP was 4.55. The purified enzyme was stable, with no(More)