Alain Prévost

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Using an isolated nonworking rat heart model, this study investigated the role of beta-adrenergic preconditioning (beta-PC) to attenuate myocardial dysfunction after an ischemia/reperfusion injury. After a 20-min stabilization period, the noradrenaline depleted hearts were perfused for 5 min with isoproterenol (ISO) before 40-min global ischemia (I)(More)
BACKGROUND Our purpose was to determine the effects of amifostine, a cytoprotective agent, on doxorubicin tolerance and cardiotoxicity in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male Wistar rats were treated every other day with an intraperitoneal injection of amifostine or saline 30 minutes before intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin or saline. Weight change was(More)
Frail and physically or mentally disabled patients frequently have difficulty in tolerating formal colonic investigations. The aims of this study were to evaluate the accuracy of minimal-preparation CT in identifying colorectal carcinoma in this population and to determine the clinical indications and radiological signs with the highest yield for tumour.(More)
Although nicotine has been implicated as a potential factor in the pathogenesis of human cancer, its mechanisms of action regarding cancer development remain largely unknown. HL-60 cells were used to investigate the effects of a short-term treatment with nicotine at concentrations found in the blood of smokers. The findings show that nicotine induces(More)
We investigated a phase III randomized trial to compare efficacy and tolerance of CDDP + 5-FU to CDDP + VP16, both given intravenously in patients with unresectable advanced head and neck cancer. The 197 eligible patients were paired off successively on the basis of tumor sites and UICC stage. Comparisons were made through sequential closed plans. In 179(More)
Twelve inoperable lung cancer patients were treated with a combination chemotherapy of cisplatinum (CDDP) and etoposide (VP16), as a continuous infusion for 5 days, every 21 days, and with a daily oral administration of GaCl3. Dosages of CDDP and VP16 were adapted in order to obtain an area under the curve (AUC) of 80,000 micrograms l-1.h for plasma total(More)
BACKGROUND Airway epithelium integrity is essential to maintain its role of mechanical and functional barrier. Recurrent epithelial injuries require a complex mechanism of repair to restore its integrity. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an abnormal airway epithelial repair may participate in airway remodeling. The objective was to determine(More)
Purpose: To determine the effects of amifostine on an isolated perfused rat-heart model and its protective activity with regard to cardiotoxic doxorubicin perfusion. Methods: Langendorff constant-pressure isolated rat-heart preparations were used to analyze the effects of the drugs during a 40-min period of perfusion after a 20-min stabilization interval.(More)
Allergens of natural latex, latex gloves, avocado pear, and banana extracts were investigated by an immunoblotting technique in sera of patients experiencing associated latex and fruit allergies. Extracts were separated by sodium dodecyl-sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and electroblotted onto nitrocellulose. After incubation with patients' sera,(More)
BACKGROUND In daily cardiology practice, porters are usually required to transfer inpatients who need an echocardiogram to the echocardiographic department (echo-lab). AIMS To assess echo-lab personnel workflow and patient transfer delay by comparing the use of a new, ultraportable, echoscopic, pocket-sized device at the bedside with patient transfer to(More)