Alain Morali

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BACKGROUND Infliximab (IFX) is efficacious in inducing remission in severe forms of pediatric Crohn's disease (CD). Adult studies indicate that IFX is also safe and well tolerated as maintenance therapy. The present study aimed to evaluate in a prospective manner the efficacy and safety of IFX as maintenance therapy of severe pediatric CD comparing(More)
Mouse splenic marginal zone precursors (MZPs) differentiate into marginal zone B (MZB) cells under a signaling pathway involving Notch2 and its ligand, delta-like 1 ligand (Dll1). We report the identification of an MZP subset in the spleen of young children. These MZPs differentiate into MZ-like B cells in vitro in the presence of OP9 cells expressing human(More)
BACKGROUND Anderson's disease (AD) or chylomicron retention disease (CMRD) is a very rare hereditary lipid malabsorption syndrome. In order to discover novel mutations in the SAR1B gene and to evaluate the expression, as compared to healthy subjects, of the Sar1 gene and protein paralogues in the intestine, we investigated three previously undescribed(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the safety of a polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 laxative without additional salts in pediatric patients. STUDY DESIGN This was a 3-month multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, lactulose-controlled, parallel study enrolling 96 ambulatory constipated children aged 6 months to 3 years, treated daily with 4-8 g PEG or 3.33(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) is a rare condition frequently associated with esophageal atresia (EA). There are limited data from small series about the presentation, treatment, and outcomes of CES. METHODS Medical records of all patients with CES included in the French Network on Esophageal Malformations and Congenital Diseases were(More)
We read with great interest the article by Wu et al showing that the impact of diet on the composition of the gut microbiota was milder than its impact on metabolites produced by the gut microbiota, in healthy humans. Enteral nutrition is an effective treatment to manage active Crohn’s disease (CD) in children. CD is known to be associated with gut(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Oral rehydration therapy is the only treatment recommended by the World Health Organization in acute diarrhea in children. Antisecretory drugs available could not be used because of their side effects, except for racecadotril, which is efficient in acute diarrhea in adults. METHODS The efficacy and tolerability of racecadotril (1.5 mg/kg(More)
OBJECTIVES Early onset inflammatory bowel diseases (EO-IBD) developing during the first year of life are likely to reflect inherited defects in key mechanism(s) controlling intestinal homeostasis, as recently suggested for interleukin 10 (IL10). Thus, we aimed to further elaborate the hypothesis of defective anti-inflammatory responses in patients with IBD.(More)
Infliximab, a monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor-alpha, has been shown to be effective for the treatment of refractory Crohn's disease in adult patients, but experience in pediatrics is limited. This retrospective study included 88 children and adolescents, 39 girls and 49 boys, with a median age of 14 years (range 3.3-17.9). Infliximab was(More)
Defensins, endogenous antibiotic peptides, are part of the intestinal epithelial barrier. In this pilot study we analyzed the possibility of measuring fecal beta-defensin-2 (HBD2) in comparing inflammatory and noninflammatory conditions. In samples from healthy control individuals, low levels of HBD2 were detectable, which markedly rose under inflammatory(More)