Alain Maujean

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High responder lines of Hartley guinea-pigs were sensitized by repeated inhalations of toluene diisocyanate (TDI). After 3 weeks, we demonstrated a degree of TDI substitution of the serum-albumin-enriched fraction (AEF) and we ascertained the sensitization of the most exposed animals using PCA methodology. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR),(More)
This work describe products of reactions between four alpha-dicarbonyl compounds (diacetyl, pentan-2,3-dione, glyoxal, and methylglyoxal) or two alpha-hydroxy ketones, (acetoine and acetol) and amino acids present in wines. The results shows the formation of odorous products or strong-smelling additives resulting from the Maillard and Strecker reaction in a(More)
AIMS The purpose of this work was to study the effect of L-aspartic acid concentration on bacterial growth, D-glucose fermentation and L-malic acid consumption of Oenococcus oeni NCFB 1707. METHODS AND RESULTS Bacterial cultures were performed in synthetic media. Bacterial growth, D-glucose fermentation and L-malic acid consumption were reduced when(More)
The transport of L-glutamate in Oenococcus oeni 8403 is energy dependent. It could be activated either by carbohydrate or arginine metabolism, and it was shown to be stimulated by L-malic acid at low pH values. Transport was optimal at pH 7.0. The apparent affinity constants for transport (KT) was 0.98 microM at pH 7.0. L-glutamate uptake was inhibited by(More)
Peptides are difficult to isolate from wine because they are present in a complex mixture together with non-peptidic compounds. A method for the isolation, separation and purity assessing of small peptides is proposed. Small peptides (Mr<3000) were isolated from wine by hollow fibre ultrafiltration followed by column chromatography using the gel matrix(More)
The objective of this study was to analyze the origin of proteins of a Chardonnay wine. Three various polyclonal antibodies raised against must, yeast, and bacteria proteins were produced. For microorganisms, only the secreted macromolecules were used. To this end, yeast and bacteria were cultured in a model medium under conditions close to those of(More)
A lectin fraction from Chardonnay grape juice has been isolated by affinity chromatography on a column of p-aminophenyl beta-D-glucoside-derivatized agarose. The lectin fractions agglutinate rabbit and human erythrocytes without serological specificity. None of the usual monosaccharides, glycosides, or glycoproteins inhibit the hemagglutinating activity.(More)
We report in this paper measurements of the rising velocity of champagne bubbles, investigated by using a camera and a stroboscopic light. It is shown that the velocity of bubbles during ascent is intermediate between that of a rigid sphere and that of a fluid sphere free from surface-active compounds. We show that our experimental results are compatible(More)
A foam ring composed of small bubbles on the surface of a champagne glass is one of its hallmarks. The equilibrium state of that ring is linked with the rate of formation and of disappearance of bubbles. The stability of bubbles is usually ascribed to the occurrence and to the properties of an adsorption layer formed at the gas/liquid interface. Our goal is(More)
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