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Binding studies indicate that ciguatoxin and brevetoxin allosterically enhance in a very similar way the binding of [3H]batrachotoxinin A 20-alpha-benzoate to the neuronal Na+ channel protein. Moreover ciguatoxin competitively inhibits the binding of [3H]brevetoxin-3 to rat brain membranes. The affinity of ciguatoxin for the Na+ channel is at least(More)
Disorders of neuronal migration in cerebral cortex are associated with neurological impairments, including mental retardation and epilepsy. Their causes and pathophysiology remain largely unknown, however. In patients with Zellweger disease, a lethal panperoxisomal disorder, and in mice lacking the Pxr1 import receptor for peroxisomal matrix proteins, the(More)
The CCN family of genes consists presently of six members in human (CCN1-6) also known as Cyr61 (Cystein rich 61), CTGF (Connective Tissue Growth Factor), NOV (Nephroblastoma Overexpressed gene), WISP-1, 2 and 3 (Wnt-1 Induced Secreted Proteins). Results obtained over the past decade have indicated that CCN proteins are matricellular proteins, which are(More)
OBJECTIVE Activated microglia play a central role in the inflammatory and excitotoxic component of various acute and chronic neurological disorders. However, the mechanisms leading to their activation in the latter context are poorly understood, particularly the involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), which are critical for excitotoxicity in(More)
We investigated the possibility of labeling two biologically active peptides, epidermal growth factor (EGF) and neurotensin (NT), with europium (Eu)-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid. More specifically, we tested them as probes in studying receptor binding using time-resolved fluorescence of Eu3+. The relatively simple synthesis yields ligands with(More)
The localization of tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na+ channels in rat brain was studied using a tritiated derivative of tetrodotoxin. The autoradiographic distribution of a tritiated ethylenediamine derivative of tetrodotoxin [( 3H]en-TTX) binding showed a high concentration of sites in cortical layers, hippocampus, globus pallidus, substantia nigra and the(More)
The capacity of embryonic stem cells (ES cells) to differentiate into neuronal cells represents a potential source for neuronal replacement and a model for studying factors controlling early stages of neuronal differentiation. Various molecules have been used to induce such differentiation but so far neuropeptides acting via functional G-protein-coupled(More)
Motor end-plate disease (med), in the mouse, is a hereditary neuromuscular defect, caused by a single gene mutation and characterized by a progressive muscle weakness. +Med/+med mice die 21-23 days after birth and the neurobiological abnormalities already reported are nerve terminal sprouting and swelling and neurotransmission failures. We studied +med/+med(More)