Alain Lescure

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Iron-regulated ferritin synthesis in animals is dominated by translational control of stored mRNA; iron-induced transcription of ferritin genes, when it occurs, changes the subunit composition of ferritin mRNA and protein and is coupled to translational control. Ferritins in plants and animals have evolved from a common progenitor, based on the similarity(More)
Selenocysteine is incorporated into selenoproteins by an in-frame UGA codon whose readthrough requires the selenocysteine insertion sequence (SECIS), a conserved hairpin in the 3'-untranslated region of eukaryotic selenoprotein mRNAs. To identify new selenoproteins, we developed a strategy that obviates the need for prior amino acid sequence information. A(More)
Phytase (myo-inositol-hexakisphosphate phosphohydrolase, EC 3.1.3.8) has been purified from 5-7-day-old maize (Zea mays) seedlings, using a four-step purification procedure. The native protein has a molecular mass of about 76 kDa and is built up from two 38 kDa subunits. The pH and temperature optima of the purified enzyme were respectively 4.8 and 55(More)
Selenium is important for embryogenesis in vertebrates but little is known about the expression patterns and biological functions of most selenoprotein genes. Taking advantage of the zebrafish model, systematic analysis of selenoprotein gene expression was performed by in situ hybridization on whole-mount embryos at different developmental stages.(More)
During germination, maize seedlings express a phytase able to hydrolyse the large amount of phytin stored in the dry seed. Previous studies allowed purification and characterization of this enzyme as a homodimer of 38 kDa subunits [Laboure, Gagnon and Lescure, Biochem. J. (1993) 295, 413-419]. In the present work, an antibody against the purified maize(More)
While the genome sequence and gene content are available for an increasing number of organisms, eukaryotic selenoproteins remain poorly characterized. The dual role of the UGA codon confounds the identification of novel selenoprotein genes. Here, we describe a comparative genomics approach that relies on the genome-wide prediction of genes with in-frame TGA(More)
Rigid spine muscular dystrophy and the classical form of multiminicore disease are caused by mutations in SEPN1 gene, leading to a new clinical entity referred to as SEPN1-related myopathy. SEPN1 codes for selenoprotein N, a new member of the selenoprotein family, the function of which is still unknown. In a previous study, two isoforms were deduced from(More)
The crucial role of the trace element selenium in livestock and human health, in particular in striated muscle function, has been well established but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Over the last decade, identification of the full repertoire of selenium-containing proteins has opened the way towards a better characterization(More)
Selenoproteins are a diverse group of proteins that contain selenocysteine (Sec), the 21st amino acid. In the genetic code, UGA serves as a termination signal and a Sec codon. This dual role has precluded the automatic annotation of selenoproteins. Recent advances in the computational identification of selenoprotein genes have provided a first glimpse of(More)
Selenium is an essential trace element and selenoprotein N (SelN) was the first selenium-containing protein shown to be directly involved in human inherited diseases. Mutations in the SEPN1 gene, encoding SelN, cause a group of muscular disorders characterized by predominant affection of axial muscles. SelN has been shown to participate in calcium and redox(More)