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UNLABELLED Glycogen storage disease (GSD) types I, III, and IV can be associated with severe liver disease. The possible development of hepatocellular carcinoma and/or hepatic failure make these GSDs potential candidates for liver transplantation. Early diagnosis and initiation of effective dietary therapy have dramatically improved the outcome of GSD type(More)
OBJECTIVE The association of celiac disease (CD) and type 1 diabetes is now clearly documented. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) antitransglutaminase antibodies were measured to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in a diabetic population of children and to determine the temporal relationship between type 1 diabetes onset and CD. METHODS We measured IgA(More)
OBJECTIVE Disseminated bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infection after inoculation of live vaccine is considered to result from impaired immunity of the child. However, in half of the cases, regarded as idiopathic, no well-defined immunodeficiency condition can account for the infection. The objective of the present study is to report the prevalence,(More)
BACKGROUND Increased age at surgery has a negative impact on results of the Kasai operation for biliary atresia in infancy and early childhood. It remained unclear if an age threshold exists and if this effect persists with extended follow-up. In this study we examined the relationship between increased age at surgery and its results in adolescence. (More)
AIM To evaluate the value of gadolinium enhanced MRI with oral opacification using a 5% mannitol solution (CE-Mannitol-MRI) to reveal bowel inflammation in pediatric patients with known or suspected Crohn's disease (CD). MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty-two consecutive children (median age 13.9 years) with known or suspected CD underwent ileocolonoscopy with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Treatment of chronic hepatitis B with interferon alfa is not approved in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) in children with chronic hepatitis B and increased transaminase levels. METHODS Children were given either IFN-alpha2b (6 megaunits/m2 thrice weekly for 24 weeks)(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, affecting 10-20% of children. Measles vaccination has been reported to have contradictory effects on incidence of AD in children. Therefore, we performed the first prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to analyze the evolution of AD in infants after measles vaccination. The study(More)
BACKGROUND Infliximab (IFX) is efficacious in inducing remission in severe forms of pediatric Crohn's disease (CD). Adult studies indicate that IFX is also safe and well tolerated as maintenance therapy. The present study aimed to evaluate in a prospective manner the efficacy and safety of IFX as maintenance therapy of severe pediatric CD comparing(More)