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Glycogen storage disease (GSD) types I, III, and IV can be associated with severe liver disease. The possible development of hepatocellular carcinoma and/or hepatic failure make these GSDs potential candidates for liver transplantation. Early diagnosis and initiation of effective dietary therapy have dramatically improved the outcome of GSD type I by(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Treatment of chronic hepatitis B with interferon alfa is not approved in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) in children with chronic hepatitis B and increased transaminase levels. METHODS Children were given either IFN-alpha2b (6 megaunits/m2 thrice weekly for 24 weeks)(More)
OBJECTIVE Disseminated bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infection after inoculation of live vaccine is considered to result from impaired immunity of the child. However, in half of the cases, regarded as idiopathic, no well-defined immunodeficiency condition can account for the infection. The objective of the present study is to report the prevalence,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alfa-2b plus ribavirin (RBV) is the standard of care for adults with chronic hepatitis C but was not approved for the treatment of children at the time of this study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PEG-IFN alfa-2b plus RBV in children. METHODS Children and adolescents ages(More)
BACKGROUND Increased age at surgery has a negative impact on results of the Kasai operation for biliary atresia in infancy and early childhood. It remained unclear if an age threshold exists and if this effect persists with extended follow-up. In this study we examined the relationship between increased age at surgery and its results in adolescence. (More)
This study analyzed the results of the decentralized management of biliary atresia (BA) in France, where an improved collaboration between centers has been promoted since 1997. Results were compared to those obtained in England and Wales, where BA patients have been centralized in three designated centers since 1999. According to their birth dates, BA(More)
BACKGROUND Infliximab (IFX) is efficacious in inducing remission in severe forms of pediatric Crohn's disease (CD). Adult studies indicate that IFX is also safe and well tolerated as maintenance therapy. The present study aimed to evaluate in a prospective manner the efficacy and safety of IFX as maintenance therapy of severe pediatric CD comparing(More)
Isolated deficiency of 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase (MCC) (McKusick 21020) is a rare disorder of leueine metabolism described in only 11 patients from 6 families. Most of these patients have an uneventful childhood prior to diagnosis during lifethreatening episodes of ketoacidosis, hypoglycaemia and coma. Tina V, the third child of healthy(More)
Seven patients with glycogen storage disease type Ib suffering from severe and/or recurrent bacterial infections were treated with glycosylated recombinant G-CSF (Lenograstim). Mean follow up was 20.8 months (range 9-30 months). In all cases a median dose of 5 micrograms/kg/day resulted in rapid clinical improvement, associated in 6/7 with an increase in(More)
In this study, 144 consecutive percutaneous liver biopsies performed with a 1.6 mm Menghini needle, during a 2-year period were reviewed. All the children were aged under 15 years, 57 patients less than 1 year and 87 more than 1 year. All biopsies were adequate and the mean number of portal tracts examined was 17.6 per biopsy (14.3 in patients weighing less(More)