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SUMMARY Selenoproteins contain the 21st amino acid selenocysteine which is encoded by an inframe UGA codon, usually read as a stop. In eukaryotes, its co-translational recoding requires the presence of an RNA stem-loop structure, the SECIS element in the 3 untranslated region of (UTR) selenoprotein mRNAs. Despite little sequence conservation, SECIS elements(More)
  • Séverine Boulon, Nathalie Marmier-Gourrier, Bérengère Pradet-Balade, Laurence Wurth, Céline Verheggen, Beáta E. Jády +10 others
  • 2008
RNA-binding proteins of the L7Ae family are at the heart of many essential ribonucleoproteins (RNPs), including box C/D and H/ACA small nucleolar RNPs, U4 small nuclear RNP, telomerase, and messenger RNPs coding for selenoproteins. In this study, we show that Nufip and its yeast homologue Rsa1 are key components of the machinery that assembles these RNPs.(More)
BubR1 is a key protein mediating spindle checkpoint activation. Loss of this checkpoint control results in chromosomal instability and aneuploidy. The transcriptional regulation of the cell cycle regulated human BUB1B gene, which encodes BubR1, was investigated in this report. A minimal BUB1B gene promoter containing 464 bp upstream from the translation(More)
The C/D box scaRNA2 is predicted to guide specific 2'-O-methylation of U2 snRNA. In contrast to other SCARNA genes, SCARNA2 appears to be independently transcribed. By transient expression of SCARNA2-reporter gene constructs, we have demonstrated that this gene is transcribed by RNA polymerase II and that the promoter elements responsible for its(More)
In the human genome, ∼ 10% of the genes are arranged head to head so that their transcription start sites reside within <1 kbp on opposite strands. In this configuration, a bidirectional promoter generally drives expression of the two genes. How bidirectional expression is performed from these particular promoters constitutes a puzzling question. Here, by a(More)
Selenoproteins contain the amino acid selenocysteine which is encoded by a UGA Sec codon. Recoding UGA Sec requires a complex mechanism, comprising the cis-acting SECIS RNA hairpin in the 3'UTR of selenoprotein mRNAs, and trans-acting factors. Among these, the SECIS Binding Protein 2 (SBP2) is central to the mechanism. SBP2 has been so far functionally(More)
The secondary structures of human hY1 and hY5 RNAs were determined using both chemical modification techniques and enzymatic structure probing. The results indicate that both for hY1 and for hY5 RNA the secondary structure largely corresponds to the structure predicted by sequence alignment and computerized energy-minimization. However, some important(More)
Mammalian mRNAs are generated by complex and coordinated biogenesis pathways and acquire 5'-end m(7)G caps that play fundamental roles in processing and translation. Here we show that several selenoprotein mRNAs are not recognized efficiently by translation initiation factor eIF4E because they bear a hypermethylated cap. This cap modification is acquired(More)
The solution structure of human U1 snRNA was investigated by using base-specific chemical probes (dimethylsulfate, carbodiimide, diethylpyrocarbonate) and RNase V1. Chemical reagents were employed under various conditions of salt and temperature and allowed information at the Watson-Crick base-pairing positions to be obtained for 66% of the U1 snRNA bases.(More)
BACKGROUND In humans, mutations in the SEPN1 gene, encoding selenoprotein N (SelN), are involved in early onset recessive neuromuscular disorders, referred to as SEPN1-related-myopathies. The mechanisms behind these pathologies are poorly understood since the function of SelN remains elusive. However, previous results obtained in humans and more recently in(More)