Learn More
BACKGROUND Up to 25% of adolescent girls in the USA are iron deficient. This double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial assessed the effects of iron supplementation on cognitive function in adolescent girls with non-anaemic iron deficiency. METHODS 716 girls who enrolled at four Baltimore high schools were screened for non-anaemic iron deficiency(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess prospectively the incidence and course of depressive symptoms among pregnant and postpartum adolescents and explore the roles of stress and social support as influencing factors. METHODS Pregnant teenagers attending a comprehensive adolescent pregnancy and parenting program were enrolled during their third trimester of pregnancy and(More)
Whether all children brought to the emergency room with a first seizure and fever require lumbar puncture (LP) remains controversial. We reviewed the emergency room records of 241 children aged 6 months to 6 years who had this clinical picture. Five history and physical examination items discriminated between children with and without meningitis: a(More)
OBJECTIVES The passage of a mandatory bicycle helmet law for children in Howard County, Maryland, provided an opportunity to compare legislation and education as strategies to increase helmet use. METHODS In 1991, a survey was mailed to fourth-, seventh-, and ninth-grade students attending a stratified sample of public schools in Howard County and in two(More)
OBJECTIVE Substance use by pregnant teenagers is an important public health problem, but published data on alcohol and illicit drug use by parenting teenagers are virtually nonexistent. This study determined the prevalence of alcohol and drug use in adolescent mothers in the first 4 months postpartum and explored associated psychosocial characteristics. (More)
Case reports suggest that infants with Kawasaki disease have atypical presentations and a high complication rate, likely related to delayed diagnosis and treatment. To date, no study of consecutive cases has compared infants with older children who have both atypical and typical Kawasaki disease. We retrospectively reviewed 44 cases of Kawasaki disease(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of a school-based smoking cessation program targeting adolescents interested in quitting. DESIGN Randomized clinical trial over one school year. SETTING Large public high school. PARTICIPANTS Students interested in quitting smoking. INTERVENTION Seventy-four students were randomized to receive either: 1) a 6-week,(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors examined the feasibility of conducting serologic testing for the herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) among university students and assessed the psychosocial impact of an HSV-2 diagnosis. METHODS The authors recruited a convenience sample of 100 students (aged 18-39 years) without a history of genital herpes from 1 university between(More)
Marijuana, the common name for products derived from the plant Cannabis sativa, is the most common illicit drug used by children and adolescents in the United States.(1) Despite growing concerns by the medical profession about the physical and psychological effects of its active ingredient, Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, survey data continue to show that(More)
GOAL To determine prevalence and incidence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection and assess risk factors predictive for such infections in a middle school-based clinic sample. STUDY DESIGN 170 female students and 43 male students making 256 and 47 visits, respectively, > or = 30 days apart, in urban middle school clinics(More)