Alain Jardin

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Penile erection can be elicited by various stimuli integrated in the spinal cord and/or higher central nervous structures. The medial preoptic area (MPOA) of the hypothalamus is known to play a key role in the regulation of the male sexual behavior. In anesthetized male rats we performed MPOA stimulation via stereotaxically implanted electrodes or canulae(More)
Filling of the sinusoidal spaces with blood due to smooth muscle relaxation results from parasympathetic neural pathway activation and probably simultaneous inhibition of sympathetic outflow. The final common pathway for proerectile fibers is represented by the cavernous nerves and fibers controlling detumescence and flaccidity originating in the(More)
The role of testosterone on peripheral autonomic control of penile erection was studied in rats. Erectile response to cavernous nerve stimulation was measured by intracavernous pressure associated with arterial blood pressure monitoring in anesthetized adult males. Comparison was performed between control (Co), castrated (Ox) and castrated,(More)
Radical prostatectomy is one treatment for organ-confined prostatic adenocarcinoma. Dissemination of malignant prostatic cells after radical prostatectomy could be partly due to prostate manipulation during dissection. We confirmed by assay of prostate-specific membrane antigen by reverse-transcription nested PCR that prostate manipulation seeded prostatic(More)
To assess the long-term efficacy and safety of alfuzosin, a selective alpha 1-adrenergic antagonist, 518 symptomatic patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) were randomised to received either alfuzosin (daily dose 7.5-10 mg) or placebo for 6 months. Obstructive and irritative symptoms, assessed according to the Boyarsky scale, significantly(More)
Afferent sensory inputs from the penis are carried by the dorsal nerve of the penis (DNP) to the spinal cord. Sympathetic outflow involved in the control of the urogenital tract is partly conveyed by the lumbosacral sympathetic chain. Our aim was to search for a sympathetic component in the DNP and relations between DNP afferents and sympathetic fibers(More)
New contraceptive methods like the subcutaneous implant offers a new kind of comfort for women with an efficiency similar to the contraceptive pill. Unfortunately, the few numbers of unintended pregnancies that have been reported, are generally due to a bad insertion of the implant. In order to give more security to patients, we have designed, in close(More)
OBJECTIVES In women, aging is associated with profound hormonal changes. Menopause has been implicated in the etiology of urinary tract complaints including incontinence, urgency and recurrent urinary tract infections. However, the use of hormone replacement therapy for these conditions has given conflicting and disappointing results. The role of androgen(More)
Relaxation of arterial and cavernous smooth muscle fibers, leading to the filling of the sinusoidal spaces with blood, are the local mechanisms of erection. Smooth muscle relaxation results from activation of parasympathetic neural pathway and probably simultaneous inhibition of the sympathetic outflow. Reflexive erection elicited by recruitment of penile(More)
PURPOSE In this study in a menopausal rat model we describe the effect of androgen withdrawal on motoneurons innervating 2 muscles involved in female urinary continence, namely the intrinsic urethral sphincter and the pubococcygeus muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS The 5 groups studied were 2 ovariectomized groups and their sham operated controls plus 1(More)