Alain Jardel

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Chronic increases in blood flow increase arterial diameter and NO-dependent dilation in resistance arteries. Because endothelial dysfunction accompanies metabolic syndrome, we hypothesized that flow-mediated remodeling might be impaired in obese rat resistance arteries. Obese and lean Zucker rat mesenteric resistance arteries were exposed to chronic flow(More)
We recently demonstrated that a pressure-induced vasodilation results from local nonnociceptive stimulation of the skin of the human hand. We aimed to test the hypothesis that this vasodilation was not a short-lived response to a single type of pressure strain, but could be a widely activated and prolonged protective cutaneous response. We studied the(More)
Obesity is associated with altered arterial structure and function leading to arterial narrowing in most vascular beds, especially when associated with aging. Nevertheless, mesenteric blood flow remains elevated in obese rats, although the effect of aging remains unknown. We investigated mesenteric artery narrowing following blood flow reduction in vivo in(More)
BACKGROUND Aging is associated with reduced structural and functional adaptation to chronic changes in blood flow (shear stress) in small arteries. As heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is induced by hemodynamic forces in vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells, we hypothesized that it might improve flow-dependent remodeling in aging. METHOD First-order(More)
Circadian variations of alanine aminopeptidase (EC 3.4.11.2), gamma-glutamyltransferase (EC 2.3.2.2), and N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (EC 3.2.1.30) in urine were studied in 10 healthy children, ages six to 15 years. Urine specimens were collected during 24 h, grouped into four time intervals. Enzymes were measured spectrophotometrically, with automation.(More)
Several studies concerning burn patients have shown that supplementation of enteral nutrition with ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate (OKG) favorably modifies protein metabolism. Therefore, the effect of OKG administration on muscular and hepatic protein catabolism was evaluated in burned rats. Four groups of six rats were used. Two groups were scalded by(More)
The efficacy of ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate (OKG) in preventing bacterial translocation and dissemination, metabolic disorders and changes in mucosal enzyme activities was assessed in a model of bacterial translocation in rats. Antibiotic decontamination was performed 4 d before intragastric inoculation with an Escherichia coli strain (10(10) bacteria/kg(More)
BACKGROUND Ornithine alpha-ketoglutarate (OKG) has proved to be efficient in restoring glutamine (Gln) pools which are strongly depleted in hypercatabolic patients. Since its two components, alpha-ketoglutarate (alphaKG) and ornithine (Orn), give rise to glutamate (Glu), they are both considered as Gln precursors. The aim of this study was to assess the(More)
This work studied the action of ornithine a-ketoglutarate (OKG) supplementation in an experimental model of endotoxemia in the rat. Male Wistar rats were injected intraperitoneally with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli (0127:B8). They were fasted for 24 h, then refed for 48 h with an enteral diet supplemented with either OKG (66 mg N x kg(-1)(More)
Metabolic syndrome is associated with reduced endothelial vasodilator function. It is also associated with the induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2), which produces vasoactive prostanoids. The frequency of metabolic syndrome increases with age and aging per se is a risk factor associated with reduced endothelium-mediated relaxation. Nevertheless, the(More)