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Carotenoid-based yellowish to red plumage colors are widespread visual signals used in sexual and social communication. To understand their ultimate signaling functions, it is important to identify the proximate mechanism promoting variation in coloration. Carotenoid-based colors combine structural and pigmentary components, but the importance of the(More)
In colonially breeding birds, the ability to discriminate between individuals is often essential. During post-fledging care, parents have to recognize their own offspring among many other unrelated chicks in the breeding colony. It is well known that fledglings and food-provisioning parents of many bird species use contact calls to convey their identity.(More)
A multiphase-field model for the description of coalescence in a binary alloy is solved numerically using adaptive finite elements with high aspect ratio. The unknown of the multiphase-field model are the three phase fields (solid phase 1, solid phase 2, and liquid phase), a Lagrange multiplier and the concentration field. An Euler implicit scheme is used(More)
A comprehensive particle size distribution model has been developed for the simulation of c0 precipitation in multicomponent Ni alloys. Nucleation, growth and coarsening of the precipitates are described by a particle size distribution. The growth rate of each precipitate class is calculated with a multi-component diffusion model formulated for non-diagonal(More)
The origin of intragranular variations of the crystallographic orientation in hot-dip Al–Zn–Si coatings is discussed based on new experimental results and modelling. The solidification microstructure in as-received 55Al–43.4Zn–1.6Si (in wt.%) coatings deposited on steel plates in an industrial production line was analyzed by electron backscattered(More)
Vineyards are likely to be regionally important for wildlife, but we lack biodiversity studies in this agroecosystem which is undergoing a rapid management revolution. As vine cultivation is restricted to arid and warm climatic regions, biodiversity-friendly management would promote species typical of southern biomes. Vineyards are often intensively(More)
The recognition of food-provisioning parents is crucial for fledglings of many bird species. Vocalizations are the most commonly used cues in avian parent–offspring communication, and it has been shown in several species that fledglings respond specifically to their parents' contact calls. However, fledglings occasionally also react to unrelated adults.(More)
An expression for the anisotropy of the solid-liquid interfacial energy has been determined experimentally by an inverse method for the Al-43.4 wt%Zn-1.6 wt%Si system. Assuming that dendrite growth directions correspond to the minima of the surface stiffness, the anisotropy of the solid-liquid interfacial energy could be described by minimizing the errors(More)
Individual recognition systems require the sender to be individually distinctive and the receiver to be able to perceive differences between individuals and react accordingly. Many studies have demonstrated that acoustic signals of almost any species contain individualized information. However, fewer studies have tested experimentally if those signals are(More)
Divorce between breeding seasons, i.e. mate change while the old breeding partner is still alive, has been well-studied in several bird species. It can be viewed either as the result of reproductive decisions of individuals to maximize their own fitness or as the outcome of intra-sexual competition for mating opportunities. In contrast, divorce within a(More)