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PURPOSE The major obstacle in treating ovarian cancer is the rapid development of platinum resistance during therapy. Deregulation of members of the E2F family of transcription factors is crucially involved in carcinogenesis and probably in mechanisms underlying platinum resistance. We therefore investigated the relevance of the whole set of E2F family(More)
Despite strong homology, the roles of TP53 and TP73 in tumorigenesis seem to be fundamentally different. In contrast to TP53, tumor-associated overexpression of TP73 in many different cancers, combined with virtual absence of inactivating mutations and lack of a cancer phenotype in the TP73 null mouse are inconsistent with a suppressor function but instead(More)
BACKGROUND Although fatigue is a commonly reported symptom in cancer patients its etiology is still poorly understood. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between hemoglobin (Hb) levels and the subjective experience of fatigue and quality of life in cancer patients with mild or no anemia undergoing chemotherapy. PATIENTS(More)
OBJECTIVE Currently available clinical and molecular factors provide still an insufficient prognostic and predictive assessment for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). To identify a potential molecular target and prognostic/predictive factor for EOC, we investigated in a retrospective study the prognostic value of Ep-CAM overexpression in EOC. (More)
PURPOSE We aimed to determine the clinical role of the p53 family members p53 and p73 in the responsiveness to platinum-based chemotherapy and survival in ovarian cancer, considering their cross-talk and the p53 polymorphism at codon 72. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A detailed analysis of p53 and p73 in a series of 122 ovarian cancers was done. We used a(More)
Success of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeting agents in different cancer types is related to EGFR gene mutations and/or copy number gains. We investigated the EGFR gene status and protein expression by DNA mutational analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and immunohistochemistry in tumor tissues from 80 patients with primary(More)
The coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (hCAR) has been extensively studied in context of adenoviral-based gene therapy for cancer. However, there is strong evidence that besides its decisive role in coxsackie and adenovirus cell-entry, hCAR is a component of epithelial tight junctions and involved in cell-cell adhesions in normal and cancer cells. Furthermore,(More)
Hypomethylation of some portions of the genome and hypermethylation of others are very frequent in human cancer. The hypomethylation often involves satellite 2 (Sat2) DNA in the juxtacentromeric (centromere-adjacent) region of chromosome 1. In this study, we analyzed methylation in centromeric and juxtacentromeric satellite DNA in 115 ovarian cancers, 26(More)
Promising preclinical and clinical data led to the initiation of an international randomised phase II/III trial of p53 gene-therapy trial for first-line treatment of patients with ovarian cancer. In that trial, replication-deficient adenoviral vectors carrying wild-type p53 were given intraperitoneally in combination with standard chemotherapy to patients(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSC) are believed to be involved in tumor evasion of classical antitumor therapies and have thus become an attractive target for further improvement of anticancer strategies. However, the existence and identity of CSC are still a matter of controversy. In a systematic screen of 13 ovarian cancer cell lines we show that cells with stem(More)