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BACKGROUND Microgravity has been thought to induce osteoporosis because of reduced weight-bearing. However, up to now, few data have been available about its precise nature and timecourse. METHODS We measured bone mineral density (BMD) at the distal radius and tibia in 15 cosmonauts of the Russian MIR space station who sojourned in space either 1 (n=two),(More)
The mechanisms involved in the mechanical loading-induced increase in bone formation remain unclear. In this study, we showed that cyclic strain (CS) (10 min, 1% stretch at 0.25 Hz) stimulated the proliferation of overnight serum-starved ROS 17/2.8 osteoblast-like cells plated on type I collagen-coated silicone membranes. This increase was blocked by MEK(More)
Six days of microgravity (Bion10 mission) induced dramatic shape changes in ROS 17/2.8 osteoblasts (7). During the Foton 11 and 12 space flights, we studied the kinetics (0-4 days) of ROS 17/2.8 morphology and adhesion, the relationships between adhesion and cell cycle progression after 4 days in space, and osteoblastic growth and activity after 6 days in(More)
We showed that cyclic strain (CS) of osteoblastic cells induced tyrosine phosphorylation of two homologous tyrosine kinases FAK and PYK2, and of two homologous adaptor proteins paxillin and Hic5, with similar kinetics. Immunostaining showed that all four proteins were localized to focal contacts in controls. In contrast, the dynamics of their subcellular(More)
A growing number of studies are revealing that cells reorganize their cytoskeleton when exposed to conditions of microgravity. Most, if not all, of the structural changes observed on flown cells can be explained by modulation of RhoGTPases, which are mechanosensitive switches responsible for cytoskeletal dynamics control. This review identifies general(More)
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