Alain Grodet

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Leishmania major is a protozoan parasite from one of the most ancient phylogenic branches of unicellular eukaryotes, and containing only one giant mitochondrion. Here we report that staurosporine, that induces apoptosis in all mammalian nucleated cells, also induces in L. major a death process with several cytoplasmic and nuclear features of apoptosis,(More)
Mitochondria are important participants in apoptosis, releasing cytochrome c into the cytoplasm and undergoing extensive fragmentation. However, mechanisms underlying these processes remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that cytochrome c release during apoptosis precedes mitochondrial fragmentation. Unexpectedly, OPA1, a dynamin-like GTPase of the(More)
Mitochondrial morphology within cells is controlled by precisely regulated rates of fusion and fission . During programmed cell death (PCD), mitochondria undergo extensive fragmentation and ultimately caspase-independent elimination through a process known as mitoptosis . Though this increased fragmentation is due to increased fission through the(More)
Mitochondria play a pivotal role in apoptosis in multicellular organisms by releasing apoptogenic factors such as cytochrome c that activate the caspases effector pathway, and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) that is involved in a caspase-independent cell death pathway. Here we report that cell death in the single-celled organism Dictyostelium discoideum(More)
Anderson's disease (AD) or chylomicron retention disease (CMRD) is a rare hereditary lipid malabsorption syndrome linked to SARA2 gene mutations. We report in this study a novel mutation in two sisters for which the Sar1b protein is predicted to be truncated by 32 amino acids at its carboxyl-terminus. Because the SARA2 gene is also expressed in the muscle,(More)
Biliary tract infection by Cryptosporidium parvum is a frequent complication of intestinal cryptosporidiosis in immunosuppressed patients. Although biliary tract infection can be produced in immunosuppressed models as a late complication of intestinal infection, there is no infection model in immunocompetent animals. A murine model of biliary tract(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate adverse effects of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), produced for industrial purposes, on the human epithelial cell line A549. MWCNT were dispersed in dipalmitoyl lecithin (DPL), a component of pulmonary surfactant, and the effects of dispersion in DPL were compared to those in two other media: ethanol (EtOH) and(More)
The homeostatic self-renewal of the colonic epithelium requires coordinated regulation of the canonical Wnt/beta-catenin and Notch signaling pathways to control proliferation and lineage commitment of multipotent stem cells. However, the molecular mechanisms by which the Wnt/beta-catenin and Notch1 pathways interplay in controlling cell proliferation and(More)
UNLABELLED Microvillous inclusion disease (MVID) is a congenital disorder of the enterocyte related to mutations in the MYO5B gene, leading to intractable diarrhea often necessitating intestinal transplantation (ITx). Among our cohort of 28 MVID patients, 8 developed a cholestatic liver disease akin to progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC).(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The agonistic Jo2 anti-Fas antibody reproduces human fulminant hepatitis in mice. We tested the hypothesis that enhancing hepatic glutathione (GSH) stores may prevent Jo2-induced apoptosis. METHODS We fed mice with a normal diet or a sulfur amino acid-enriched (SAA(+)) diet increasing hepatic GSH by 63%, and challenged these mice with Jo2.(More)