Alain Filloux

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Several secretion systems have evolved that are widespread among Gram-negative bacteria. Recently, a new secretion system was recognized, which is named the type VI secretion system (T6SS). The T6SS components are encoded within clusters of genes initially identified as IAHP for IcmF-associated homologous proteins, since they were all found to contain a(More)
Biofilm formation by the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa requires the expression of a number of surface adhesive components. The expression of surface organelles facilitating biofilm formation is controlled by environmental signals acting through transcriptional regulatory networks. We analysed the expression of a family of P. aeruginosa(More)
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa is responsible for a wide range of acute and chronic infections. The transition to chronic infections is accompanied by physiological changes in the bacteria favoring formation of biofilm communities. Here we report the identification of LadS, a hybrid sensor kinase that controls the reciprocal expression of(More)
The cell envelope of Gram-negative bacteria is composed of two membranes, which are separated by the peptidoglycan-containing periplasm. Whereas the envelope forms an essential barrier against harmful substances, it is nevertheless a compartment of intense traffic for large proteins such as enzymes and toxins. Numerous studies dealing with the molecular(More)
The genome of the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa encodes over 60 two-component sensor kinases and uses several (including RetS and GacS) to reciprocally regulate the production of virulence factors involved in the development of acute or chronic infections. We demonstrate that RetS modulates the phosphorylation state of GacS by a direct and(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an important opportunistic human pathogen, persists in certain tissues in the form of specialized bacterial communities, referred to as biofilm. The biofilm is formed through series of interactions between cells and adherence to surfaces, resulting in an organized structure. By screening a library of Tn5 insertions in a nonpiliated(More)
The general secretory pathway (GSP) is a two-step process for the secretion of proteins by Gram-negative bacteria. The translocation across the outer membrane is carried out by the type II system, which involves machinery called the secreton. This step is considered to be an extension of the general export pathway, i.e. the export of proteins across the(More)
Pathogenic microorganisms have to face hostile environments while colonizing and infecting their hosts. Unfortunately, they can cope with it and have evolved a number of complex secretion systems, which direct virulence factors either at the bacterial cell surface into the environmental extracellular milieu or into the host cell cytosol. Six different(More)
The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a widespread molecular weapon deployed by many Proteobacteria to target effectors/toxins into both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. We report that Agrobacterium tumefaciens, a soil bacterium that triggers tumorigenesis in plants, produces a family of type VI DNase effectors (Tde) that are distinct from previously(More)
The genome sequence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1 has been determined to facilitate postgenomic studies aimed at understanding the capacity of adaptation of this ubiquitous opportunistic pathogen. P. aeruginosa produces toxins and hydrolytic enzymes that are secreted via the type II secretory pathway using the Xcp machinery or 'secreton'. In this(More)