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Cytokines are thought to cause the depression of cytochrome P-450 (CYP)-associated drug metabolism in humans during inflammation and infection. We have examined the role of five cytokines, i.e., interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-4, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma, on the expression of CYP1A2, CYP2C, CYP2E1, CYP3A, and epoxide(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is involved in various processes such as cytochrome P450 (P450) 1A induction after xenobiotic exposure. It is also considered to play a major role in cell proliferation and differentiation. Recent evidences have suggested a cross-talk between AhR functions and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade. We now(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor mediates the transcriptional response to a variety of hydrocarbons of members of the aryl hydrocarbon gene battery. Phenobarbital does not bind the aryl hydrocarbon receptor with high affinity but induces, in liver cells, expression of cytochrome P4501A. Using both wild type and aryl hydrocarbon receptor knock out C57BL/6J(More)
As part of a research programme focused on flavonoid biosynthesis in the seed coat of Brassica napus L. (oilseed rape), orthologs of the BANYULS gene that encoded anthocyanidin reductase were cloned in B. napus as well as in the related species Brassica rapa and Brassica oleracea. B. napus genome contained four functional copies of BAN, two originating from(More)
A panel of four novel human hepatoma cell lines was isolated from a single tumor from a male individual. BC1, B16 and B16A2 lines were well differentiated, while cells of the B9 line were only poorly differentiated, being essentially negative for the functions analyzed. These cell lines have been surveyed for expression of a large set of plasma proteins,(More)
The effects of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-4, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-alpha, IFN-gamma, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 on cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 1A expression and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-mediated induction in primary human hepatocyte cultures were determined. Most cytokines that were previously(More)
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare but aggressive skin cancer involving Merkel cells. Recently, a new human polyomavirus was implicated in MCC, being present in 80% of the samples analyzed. In virus-positive MCC, the Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) is clonally integrated into the patients DNA, and carries mutations in its large T antigen, leading to a(More)
Cryopreserved hepatocytes from various animal species and human beings were tested for their ability to survive and function in primary culture. The freeze/thaw protocol primarily designed for rat hepatocytes was used with slight modifications for the cells of all other species; it consisted of suspending parenchymal cells in the Leibovitz L15 medium(More)
Rat livers were perfused and stored for 48 hr in cold University of Wisconsin solution before dissociation by the two-step collagenase method. At that time, glycogen content was significantly reduced, but no obvious changes in albumin, beta-actin and aldolase B mRNAs and in glutathione levels were observed. Enzymatic perfusion yielded 280 +/- 30 x 10(6)(More)
Although carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced acute and chronic hepatotoxicity have been extensively studied, little is known about the very early in vivo effects of this organic solvent on oxidative stress and mitochondrial function. In this study, mice were treated with CCl(4) (1.5 ml/kg ie 2.38 g/kg) and parameters related to liver damage, lipid(More)