Alain Fautrel

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Cytokines are thought to cause the depression of cytochrome P-450 (CYP)-associated drug metabolism in humans during inflammation and infection. We have examined the role of five cytokines, i.e., interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-4, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma, on the expression of CYP1A2, CYP2C, CYP2E1, CYP3A, and epoxide(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is involved in various processes such as cytochrome P450 (P450) 1A induction after xenobiotic exposure. It is also considered to play a major role in cell proliferation and differentiation. Recent evidences have suggested a cross-talk between AhR functions and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade. We now(More)
As part of a research programme focused on flavonoid biosynthesis in the seed coat of Brassica napus L. (oilseed rape), orthologs of the BANYULS gene that encoded anthocyanidin reductase were cloned in B. napus as well as in the related species Brassica rapa and Brassica oleracea. B. napus genome contained four functional copies of BAN, two originating from(More)
The MAPK MEK/ERK pathway is often upregulated in cancer cells and represents an attractive target for development of anticancer drugs. Only few data concerning the specific functions of ERK1 and 2 are reported in the literature. In this report, we investigated the specific role of ERK1 and 2 in liver tumor growth both in vitro and in vivo. DNA synthesis and(More)
The effects of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-4, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-alpha, IFN-gamma, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 on cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 1A expression and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-mediated induction in primary human hepatocyte cultures were determined. Most cytokines that were previously(More)
Clinical studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption can have beneficial effects, in particular regarding cardiovascular events, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. In this study, lean and obese diabetic ob/ob mice were submitted or not to chronic ethanol intake via the drinking water for 6 months, which was associated with moderate levels of(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor mediates the transcriptional response to a variety of hydrocarbons of members of the aryl hydrocarbon gene battery. Phenobarbital does not bind the aryl hydrocarbon receptor with high affinity but induces, in liver cells, expression of cytochrome P4501A. Using both wild type and aryl hydrocarbon receptor knock out C57BL/6J(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating as yet untreatable disease. We demonstrated recently the predominant role of the NLRP3 inflammasome activation and IL-1β expression in the establishment of pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in mice. METHODS The contribution of IL-23 or IL-17 in pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis was assessed(More)
Cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen is presently the only way for long-term storage of isolated hepatocytes. Freeze-thaw conditions are not well defined yet; the most critical parameters appear to be the choice of the cryoprotectant, composition of the freezing medium, and cooling and thawing rates. Comparable results have been obtained with hepatocytes(More)
A panel of four novel human hepatoma cell lines was isolated from a single tumor from a male individual. BC1, B16 and B16A2 lines were well differentiated, while cells of the B9 line were only poorly differentiated, being essentially negative for the functions analyzed. These cell lines have been surveyed for expression of a large set of plasma proteins,(More)