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Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare but aggressive skin cancer involving Merkel cells. Recently, a new human polyomavirus was implicated in MCC, being present in 80% of the samples analyzed. In virus-positive MCC, the Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) is clonally integrated into the patients DNA, and carries mutations in its large T antigen, leading to a(More)
As part of a research programme focused on flavonoid biosynthesis in the seed coat of Brassica napus L. (oilseed rape), orthologs of the BANYULS gene that encoded anthocyanidin reductase were cloned in B. napus as well as in the related species Brassica rapa and Brassica oleracea. B. napus genome contained four functional copies of BAN, two originating from(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating as yet untreatable disease. We demonstrated recently the predominant role of the NLRP3 inflammasome activation and IL-1β expression in the establishment of pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in mice. METHODS The contribution of IL-23 or IL-17 in pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis was assessed(More)
Aurora kinases belong to a conserved family of serine/threonine kinases key regulators of cell cycle progression. Aurora-A and Aurora-B are expressed in somatic cells and involved mainly in mitosis while Aurora-C is expressed during spermatogenesis and oogenesis and is involved in meiosis. Aurora-C is hardly detectable in normal somatic cells. However all(More)
The nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway and its leading gene excision-repair cross-complementary 1 (ERCC1) have been shown to be up-regulated in hepatocellular carcinomas even in the absence of treatment with chemotherapeutics. The aim of this study was to determine the mechanism involved in NER regulation during the liver cell growth observed in(More)
A unique feature of fish is that new muscle fibres continue to be produced throughout much of the life cycle; a process termed muscle hyperplasia. In trout, this process begins in the late embryo stage and occurs in both a discrete, continuous layer at the surface of the primary myotome (stratified hyperplasia) and between existing muscle fibres throughout(More)
We investigated whether exposure to noise, in addition to its well-known potentiating effect on toluene-induced ototoxicity, may also exacerbate behavioral disturbances and brain neurochemical alterations produced by subchronic exposure to low toluene concentration. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated whether subchronic combined exposure (16 weeks, 104 h(More)
Several of the hepatic microsomal cytochromes P-450 (CYP) including CYP3A are inducible by phenobarbital (PB). However, the intracellular pathways involved in the action of PB on CYP3A remain poorly known. With the aim to unravel some of the main aspects of PB signaling, we first devised a simple model of mouse cultured primary hepatocytes in which CYP3A(More)
Rat liver epithelial cells (RLECs) isolated by trypsinization of the livers of normal 10 day old rats are largely used in co-culture with primary hepatocytes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of biotransformation enzyme-encoding genes in three preparations of RLEC lines. Although no expression of cytochrome P450 1A1/2(More)
CD95 ligand (CD95L) is expressed by immune cells and triggers apoptotic death. Metalloprotease-cleaved CD95L (cl-CD95L) is released into the bloodstream but does not trigger apoptotic signaling. Hence, the pathophysiological role of cl-CD95L remains unclear. We observed that skin-derived endothelial cells from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients(More)