Alain Eschalier

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Painful diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common complications of insulin-dependent diabetes in man. Conflicting results have been obtained in experimentally diabetic animals subjected to pain stimuli. This work aimed to systematically study the response of rats made diabetic (hyperglycemia > or = 14 mM) by injection of streptozocin (STZ) (75 mg/kg,(More)
Molecular mechanisms underlying diabetes-induced painful neuropathy are poorly understood. We have demonstrated, in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes, that mechanical hyperalgesia, a common symptom of diabetic neuropathy, was correlated with an early increase in extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase(More)
Analgesic therapies are still limited and sometimes poorly effective, therefore finding new targets for the development of innovative drugs is urgently needed. In order to validate the potential utility of blocking T-type calcium channels to reduce nociception, we explored the effects of intrathecally administered oligodeoxynucleotide antisenses, specific(More)
The TREK-1 channel is a temperature-sensitive, osmosensitive and mechano-gated K+ channel with a regulation by Gs and Gq coupled receptors. This paper demonstrates that TREK-1 qualifies as one of the molecular sensors involved in pain perception. TREK-1 is highly expressed in small sensory neurons, is present in both peptidergic and nonpeptidergic neurons(More)
A balanced inhibition of both serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake is usually evoked to explain the analgesic action of tricyclic and SNRI antidepressants but other mechanisms able to modulate the chronic pain-induced neuroplasticity may occur. Fundamental and clinical experiments are necessary to confirm the traditional monoaminergic hypothesis, to(More)
The sensation of cold or heat depends on the activation of specific nerve endings in the skin. This involves heat- and cold-sensitive excitatory transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. However, we show here that the mechano-gated and highly temperature-sensitive potassium channels of the TREK/TRAAK family, which normally work as silencers of the(More)
Cold hypersensitivity is the hallmark of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy, which develops in nearly all patients under this chemotherapy. To date, pain management strategies have failed to alleviate these symptoms, hence development of adapted analgesics is needed. Here, we report that oxaliplatin exaggerates cold perception in mice as well as in patients.(More)
We report the assessment of motor and sensory behaviors using an electrophysiologic and an histologic approach, in a rat model of cisplatin peripheral neuropathy. Cisplatin was injected intraperitoneally one (3 mg/ kg), two (2 mg/kg), or three (1 mg/kg) times a week up to a cumulative dose of 15 or 20 mg/kg. With regard to nociceptive signs, we observed(More)
The present study was designed to investigate which subtypes of spinal 5-HT receptors are involved in 5-HT-induced antinociception using the mechanical pain test. Serotonin and various selective antagonists or agonists for 5-HT receptor subtypes (5-HT(1A), 5-HT(1B), 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2C), 5-HT(3) and 5-HT(4)) were administered intrathecally (i.t.) in rats. The(More)
Iatrogenic pain consecutive to a large number of surgical procedures has become a growing health concern. The etiology and pathophysiology of postoperative pain are still poorly understood, but hydrogen ions appear to be important in this process. We have investigated the role of peripheral acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), which form depolarizing channels(More)