Alain Enjalbert

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The pituitary gland has provided unique insight into molecular mechanisms and regulatory factors controlling both differentiation and gene transcription. We identified Tpit, a novel T box factor only present in the two pituitary POMC-expressing lineages, the corticotrophs and melanotrophs, and apparently in no other tissue, including hypothalamic POMC(More)
Human pituitary somatotroph adenomas can be associated with mutations of the s alpha-subunit of G proteins. However, the impact of the gsp mutations on the tumoral phenotype is not well understood at present. This study aims to determine whether the detection of this mutation could impact on the management of acromegalic patients. We examined 30 acromegalic(More)
Although both somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR2) and SSTR5 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) are consistently expressed in GH-secreting adenomas, SSTR2 has been believed to be the key modulator of somatostatin-mediated inhibition of GH release. The somatostatin agonists currently in clinical use, octreotide and lanreotide, are directed mainly to SSTR2(More)
Cre recombinase is extensively used to engineer the genome of experimental animals. However, its usefulness is still limited by the lack of an efficient temporal control over its activity. To overcome this, we have developed DiCre, a regulatable fragment complementation system for Cre. The enzyme was split into two moieties that were fused to FKBP12(More)
Bromocriptine or other dopamine agonists are usually effective for the treatment of prolactin-secreting adenomas. Five to 18% of prolactinomas, however, do not respond to such therapy. We have shown previously that such resistance to bromocriptine correlates with reduced binding to the D2 receptor subtype of dopamine, the major PRL inhibiting factor. In the(More)
Recently, studies using somatostatin (SRIF) analogs preferential for either the SRIF receptor 2 (SSTR2) or the SSTR5 subtype demonstrated a variable suppression of GH and PRL release from GH-secreting human adenomas. These data suggested the concept of SSTR subtype specificity in such tumors. In the present study the quantitative expression of messenger(More)
The predominance of high molecular weight PRL, or macroprolactinemia, has long been known in hyperprolactinemic patients with maintained fertility. Among 1,106 consecutive patients investigated for hyperprolactinemia in our center over a 10-yr period, serum PRL chromatography was performed in 368 cases because of discordant clinical, biological, or(More)
Approximately 40% of growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas have somatic mutations in the GNAS1 gene (the so-called gsp oncogene). These mutations at codon 201 or codon 227 constitutively activate the alpha subunit of the adenylate cyclase-stimulating G protein G(s). GNAS1 is subject to a complex pattern of genomic imprinting, its various promoters(More)
BACKGROUND Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is a particular entity in the population of patients with hypopituitarism. Only rare cases have a known genetic cause. OBJECTIVES i) To compare subgroups with or without extra-pituitary malformations (EPM) in a cohort of PSIS patients to identify predictive factors of evolution, ii) to determine the(More)
The in vivo and in vitro inhibitory effects of a somatostatin (SRIH) analog, octreotide, upon TSH, alpha-subunit, GH, and PRL have been studied, as well as SRIH receptors and their coupling to adenylate cyclase, in nine TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas. From in vivo and cell culture studies, the TSH- and alpha-subunit-secreting adenomas appeared(More)