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The side chains of residues Thr299 and Thr301 in the Streptomyces R61 DD-peptidase have been modified by site-directed mutagenesis. These amino acids are part of a beta-strand which forms a wall of the active-site cavity. Thr299 corresponds to the second residue of the Lys-Thr(Ser)-Gly triad, highly conserved in active-site beta-lactamases and(More)
The role of the conserved hydroxy group of the Lys-Thr(Ser)-Gly [KT(S)G] triad has been studied for a class A and a class C beta-lactamase by site-directed mutagenesis. Surprisingly, the disappearance of this functional group had little impact on the penicillinase activity of both enzymes. The cephalosporinase activity was much more affected for the class A(More)
beta-Lactamases are bacterial enzymes which catalyse the hydrolysis of the beta-lactam ring of penicillins, cephalosporins and related compounds, thus inactivating these antibiotics. The crystal structure of the TEM1 beta-lactamase has been determined at 1.9 A resolution by the molecular-replacement method, using the atomic coordinates of two homologous(More)
Deacetoxycephalosporin-C synthase (DAOCS) is a mononuclear ferrous enzyme that transforms penicillins into cephalosporins by inserting a carbon atom into the penicillin nucleus. In the first half-reaction, dioxygen and 2-oxoglutarate produce a reactive iron-oxygen species, succinate and CO2. The oxidizing iron species subsequently reacts with penicillin to(More)
Treatments delivered by proton therapy are affected by uncertainties on the range of the beam within the patient, requiring medical physicists to add safety margins on the penetration depth of the beam. To reduce these margins and deliver safer treatments, different projects are currently investigating real-time range control by imaging prompt gammas(More)
By challenging the efficiency of some of our most useful antimicrobial weapons, bacterial antibiotic resistance is becoming an increasingly worrying clinical problem. A good antibiotic is expected to exhibit a high affinity for its target and to reach it rapidly, while escaping chemical modification by inactivating enzymes and elimination by efflux(More)
Deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase is an iron(II) 2-oxoglutaratedependent oxygenase that catalyzes the oxidative ring-expansion of penicillin N to deacetoxycephalosporin C. The wild-type enzyme is only able to efficiently utilize 2-oxoglutarate and 2-oxoadipate as a 2-oxoacid co-substrate. Mutation of arginine 258, the side chain of which forms an(More)
The role of the highly conserved Lys315 residue in the catalytic mechanism of a class C beta-lactamase has been probed by site-directed mutagenesis. Lys315 has been replaced by a histidine in the Enterobacter cloacae 908R beta-lactamase, thus introducing a tritratable group to probe the role of the positive charge, and by a glutamine. The effects of these(More)
The Poisson-Boltzmann method was used to compute the pK(a) values of titratable residues in a set of class C beta-lactamases. In these calculations, the pK(a) of the phenolic group of residue Tyr150 is the only one to stand out with an abnormally low value of 8.3, more than one pK(a) unit lower than the measured reference value for tyrosine in solution.(More)