Alain Doutheau

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Oxidative stress results from the attack by free radicals of several cellular targets (proteins, DNA and lipids). The cell equilibrium is a direct consequence of the pro-/antioxidant balance. In order to understand the physiological processes involved in oxidative stress, we followed oxidation of unsaturated lipids using a biomimetic system: Langmuir(More)
A series of 11 new analogues of N-acylhomoserine lactones in which the carboxamide bond was replaced by a sulfonamide one, has been synthesised. These compounds were evaluated for their ability to competitively inhibit the action of 3-oxohexanoyl-L-homoserine lactone, the natural ligand of the quorum sensing transcriptional regulator LuxR, which in turn(More)
Hydroxy-alkenals, such as 4-hydroxy-2(E)-nonenal (4-HNE; from n-6 fatty acids), are degradation products of fatty acid hydroperoxides, including those generated by free radical attack of membrane polyunsaturated fatty acyl moieties. The cytotoxic effects of hydroxy-alkenals are well known and are mainly attributable to their interaction with different(More)
Lipid peroxidation is one of the most important sources of endogenous toxic metabolites. 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) and 4-hydroxy-2-hexenal (HHE) are produced in several oxidative stress associated diseases from peroxidation of n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, respectively. Both are able to form covalent adducts with many biomolecules. Particularly,(More)
Two monomethyl esters of alpha-(1-4)-linked D-galacturonic dimers and three monomethyl esters of alpha-(1-4)-linked D-galacturonic acid trimers were synthesized chemically and further used as substrates in order to establish the substrate specificity of six different endopolygalacturonases from Aspergillus niger, one exopolygalacturonase from Aspergillus(More)
Bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate (BMP) reveals an unusual sn-1,sn-1' stereoconfiguration of glycerophosphate. We synthesized sn-(3-myristoyl-2-hydroxy)glycerol-1-phospho-sn-1'-(3'-myristoyl-2'-hydroxy)glycerol (1,1'-DMBMP) and characterized the thermotropic phase behavior and membrane structure, in comparison with those of the corresponding sn-3:sn-1'(More)
Biofilm formation plays a pivotal role in bioleaching activities of bacteria in both industrial and natural environments. Here, by visualizing attached bacterial cells on energetic substrates with different microscopy techniques, we obtained the first direct evidence that it is possible to positively modulate biofilm formation of the extremophilic bacterium(More)
Ac2-DPD, the bis-(O)-acetylated derivative of 4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione (DPD), was prepared both as a racemic mixture and in the optically active form found in naturally occurring DPD. It was shown to exhibit the same ability as DPD to induce bioluminescence in Vibrio harveyi and beta-galactosidase activity in Salmonella enterica Typhimurium, both(More)
Lipid oxidation is implicated in a wide range of pathophysiogical disorders, and leads to reactive compounds such as fatty aldehydes, of which the most well known is 4-hydroxy-2E-nonenal (4-HNE) issued from 15-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HpETE), an arachidonic acid (AA) product. In addition to 15-HpETE, 12(S)-HpETE is synthesized by(More)
A series of 22 novel synthetic N-acyl-homoserine lactone analogues has been evaluated for both their inducing activity and their ability to competitively inhibit the action of 3-oxo-hexanoyl-L-homoserine lactone, the natural inducer of bioluminescence in the bacterium Vibrio fischeri. In the newly synthesized analogues, the extremity of the acyl chain was(More)