Alain Devaux

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The response of wild fish to pollutants was studied using two biomarkers in chub (Leuciscus cephalus) at five stations in the Moselle River (France) in 1998 and in 1999. The induction of cytochrome P450 1A was quantified by the ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity in the liver and the level of DNA single-strand breaks was determined in erythrocytes(More)
The present study deals with the genotoxicity assessment of vineyard pesticides in fish exposed in the field or in mesocosm conditions. Primary DNA damage was quantified as strand breaks using the single cell gel electrophoresis assay (Comet assay) applied to fish erythrocytes. In a first experiment, a significant genotoxic effect was observed following an(More)
Because of its toxicity and its ubiquity within aquatic compartments, uranium (U) represents a significant hazard to aquatic species such as fish. In a previous study, we investigated some biological responses in zebrafish either exposed to depleted or to enriched U (i.e., to different radiological activities). However, results required further experiments(More)
The present investigation explored the potential use of the comet assay (CA) as a genotoxicity test in the amphibian Xenopus laevis and compared it with the French standard micronucleus test (MNT). Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), methyl methanesulfonate (MMS), and ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) were used as model compounds for assessing DNA damage. Damage levels were(More)
The knowledge of DNA repair in a target species is of first importance as it is the primary line of defense against genotoxicants, and a better knowledge of DNA repair capacity in fish could help to interpret genotoxicity data and/or assist in the choice of target species, developmental stage and tissues to focus on, both for environmental biomonitoring(More)
The genotoxic risk associated with deoxynivalenol (DON), a prevalent trichothecene mycotoxin which contaminates cereal-based products has not yet been deeply explored. In this work, the alkaline version of the Comet assay was used to evaluate DNA damage stemming from DON exposure in both dividing and differentiated Caco-2 cells, an epithelial intestinal(More)
This study aims to assess the genotoxic potential of nivalenol (NIV) and fusarenon X (FusX), produced by various Fusarium on cereals. Toxins were applied in time and dose-dependent experiments to the human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cell-line, both in dividing (undifferentiated) and in 10-12 days post-confluent cells (differentiated). Genotoxicity was evaluated(More)
Cadmium poses a serious environmental threat in aquatic ecosystems but the mechanisms of its toxicity remain unclear. The purpose of this work was first to determine whether cadmium induced apoptosis in trout hepatocytes, second to determine whether or not reactive oxygen species (ROS) were involved in cadmium-induced apoptosis and genotoxicity. Hepatocytes(More)
This study was carried out to test how sperm cryopreservation affected nuclear DNA stability and whether progeny development was modified when eggs were fertilized with cryopreserved spermatozoa. The "comet assay" (alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis assay) was adapted to trout spermatozoa to estimate DNA stability as measured by alkali-induced DNA(More)
This work describes some consequences of paternal germ cell DNA damage on the reproduction success in two fish species. Male brown trout (n=31) and male Arctic charr (n=28) were exposed to the model genotoxicant MMS at the end of spermatogenesis to generate a significant DNA damage level in mature spermatozoa (28% and 25% tail DNA in trout and charr sperm,(More)