Alain Demaille

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Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is capable of stimulating breast cancer cell growth in vitro and the presence of IGF-1 receptors has been demonstrated in primary breast cancers. We determined plasma IGF-1 in a primary breast cancer population and in a control population. Radioimmunoassays were performed either directly on plasma, IGF-1 (NE), or after(More)
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) binding sites were characterized in breast cancer. We demonstrate the presence of one high affinity binding site. Chemical cross-linking of 125I-IGF1 to breast cancer membranes in reducing condition and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed one band with an apparent molecular weight of(More)
Overall survival (OS) and relapse free survival (RFS) were studied in 297 patients according to the presence of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptors (IGF1-R). All the patients were surgically treated for locoregional disease in the same institution from January 1986. The median duration of follow-up was 40 months. RFS was better in patients with IGF1-R in(More)
The complex problem of drug resistance is discussed with respect to host toxicity, to tumor characteristics (kinetic resistance, heterogeneity of cell subpopulations, hypoxia, mutation and gene amplification), and to the medication itself (pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic resistance: cell membrane, intracellular metabolism, intracellular target). After(More)
Eleven healthy volunteers (six men, five women) and twelve cancer patients (six men, six women) were given single oral doses (2.5 mg/kg body weight) of levamisole, an immunostimulant agent. In a second experiment eleven healthy et volunteers (six men, five women) and twelve cancer patients (six men, six women) were given single oral doses (5 mg/kg body(More)
The binding characteristics of IGF1 on membranes prepared from 5 human breast cancer cell lines were investigated in detail. The presence of one class of high affinity IGF1 binding sites was demonstrated (BT-20: n = 230 fmol/mg protein, Ka = 0.7 nM-1; MCF-7: n = 124 fmol/mg protein, Ka = 1 nM-1; T-47D: n = 61 fmol/mg protein, Ka = 1.1 nM-1; HBL-100: n = 18(More)
PRL has a definite activity in the induction and promotion of mouse and in the growth of rat mammary tumors. We and others have found that human PRL or growth hormone (GH) had a growth promoting effect on human mammary cancer cells. It has been shown that prolactin receptors (PRL-R) which are specific for all lactogenic hormones (hPRL, hGH, hPL) are present(More)
BACKGROUND As a general rule, epilarynx is studied as a part of supraglottis. On the contrary, in France, due to its particular natural history, it is often studied separately. METHODS To assess the value of this French classification, we compared from an epidemiologic point of view, in one study, 86 cases of epilarynx squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with(More)
BACKGROUND Vinorelbine (Navelbine), a new vinca alkaloid, is an effective drug in breast cancer. Our study was undertaken to assess the efficacy and tolerance of Navelbine in refractory advanced and/or metastatic breast cancer (AMBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred heavily pretreated patients with AMBC entered the study and were scheduled to receive 30(More)
The ability of TNO6 to react with human plasma was investigated by in vitro incubation of plasma or plasma fractions with injectable TNO6. HPLC, ultrafiltration and flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometry were used to separate the platinum-containing chemical species and to measure the platinum content. The initial concentration of TNO6 in plasma(More)