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Infection with the obligate intracellular protozoan Leishmania is thought to be initiated by direct parasitization of macrophages, but the early events following transmission to the skin by vector sand flies have been difficult to examine directly. Using dynamic intravital microscopy and flow cytometry, we observed a rapid and sustained neutrophilic(More)
In this report, we describe an in vitro culture system for the generation and propagation of axenic amastigotes from the well characterised 1S-CL2D line of Leishmania donovani. Fine structure analyses of these in vitro-grown amastigotes demonstrated that they possessed morphological features characteristic of L. donovani tissue-derived amastigotes. Further,(More)
Leishmaniasis is transmitted between mammalian hosts by the bites of bloodsucking vector sand flies. The dose of parasites transmitted to the mammalian host has never been directly determined. We developed a real-time PCR-based method to determine the number of Leishmania major parasites inoculated into the ears of living mice during feeding by individual(More)
The p126 protein is synthesized by P. falciparum between the 32nd and the 36th hour of the erythrocytic cycle, and is localized in the parasitophorous vacuole. It is processed when schizonts rupture and the major fragments (50, 47 and 18 kDa), which are released into culture supernatant, have been characterized using monoclonal antibodies. The 47 kDa(More)
Leishmania species trigger a brisk inflammatory response and efficiently induce cell-mediated immunity. We examined the mechanisms whereby leukocytes were recruited into lesions after Leishmania major infection of mice. We found that a subpopulation of effector monocytes expressing the granulocyte marker GR1 (Ly6C) is rapidly recruited into lesions, and(More)
Leishmania donovani, a protozoan parasite, causes visceral disease in humans. To identify genes that control growth, we have isolated for the first time in the order Kinetoplastida a gene encoding for centrin from L. donovani. Centrin is a calcium-binding cytoskeletal protein essential for centrosome duplication or segregation. Protein sequence similarity(More)
In the present study we have demonstrated some features characterizing programmed cell death (PCD) in the unicellular protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani, the causative agent of visceral Leishmaniasis. We report that PCD is initiated in stationary phase cultures of promastigotes and both in actively growing cultures of axenic amastigotes and(More)
Class I nucleases are a family of enzymes that specifically hydrolyze single-stranded nucleic acids. Recently, we characterized the gene encoding a new member of this family, the 3'-nucleotidase/nuclease (Ld3'NT/NU) of the parasitic protozoan Leishmania donovani. The Ld3'NT/NU is unique as it is the only class I nuclease that is a cell surface(More)
CD8+ T cells are generated in response to Leishmania major (Lm) or Toxoplasma gondii parasitic infections, indicating that exogenously delivered Ag can be processed for presentation by MHC class I molecules. We show that presentation of Lm nucleotidase (NT)-OVA is TAP independent in vivo and in vitro, and is inhibited by chloroquine, but not by proteasome(More)
In higher eukaryotes, secretory proteins are under the quality control of the endoplasmic reticulum for their proper folding and release into the secretory pathway. One of the proteins involved in the quality control is protein disulfide isomerase, which catalyzes the formation of protein disulfide bonds. As a first step toward understanding the endoplasmic(More)