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The present study was aimed at characterizing the cognitive deficits caused by the degeneration of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) pathways by using the additive factor logic [Sternberg, S. (1969) Acta Psychol., 30, 276-315], a powerful reaction time (RT) method developed in humans and recently introduced in the rat [Courtiere, A., Hardouin, J., Hasbroucq, T.,(More)
The influence of various concentrations of ferrous iron and ascorbate on in vitro peroxidation and drug binding of diverse membrane preparations (cerebral cortex and liver) was studied. Peroxidation was not simply dose-related to ascorbate and ferrous iron, but a complex relationship between iron and ascorbate when added in association was established.(More)
It is well established that the dopaminergic system influences simple reaction time (RT) performance. However, the role of this system in more complex information processing remains to be clarified. The present study was aimed at addressing this issue. To this end, we used an inferential method that relies on choice RT procedures and allows one to identify(More)
Nitrous oxide (N2O) effects were evaluated, as a behavioural model of inert gas narcosis, in rats performing a vigilance task in which they were required to respond to a slight luminous increment of the house-light. A dose-related decrease of correct responses was produced by the tested range of concentrations of N2O (from 30 to 70% N2O), with a parallel(More)
While there is general agreement that in Parkinson's disease (PD), striatal dopamine (DA) depletion causes motor deficits, the origin of the associated cognitive impairments remains a matter of debate. The present study aimed to decipher the influence of a partial 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion of striatal DA nerve terminals in rats performing a reaction(More)
Peripheral-type benzodiazepine Receptors (PBR) in the kidney and Central-type Benzodiazepine Receptors (CBR) in the cerebral cortex were not affected in rats exposed to chronic hyperoxia (85% O2, ATA, 6 days). Nevertheless, cortical CBR showed a significant decrease (29%) after hyperbaric hyperoxia (100% O2, 3.5 ATA, 2 h) in rats at a preconvulsive stage,(More)
Many studies have described the physiology of water immersion (WI), whereas few have focused on post WI physiology, which faces the global water loss of the large WI diuresis. Therefore, we compared hemodynamics and vasomotor tone in 10 trained supine divers before and after two 6h sessions in dry (DY) and head out WI environments. During each exposure (DY(More)
Sleep disturbances induced by environmental noise (EN) exposure are now well admitted. However, many contradictory conclusions and discrepancies have been reported, resulting from uncontrolled human factors or the use of artificial noises (pure tone). Thus, the development of an animal model appears to be a useful strategy for determining whether EN is(More)
Abstract Rationale. Nitrous oxide (N2O) inhalation, at subanaesthetic concentrations, impairs choice reaction time (RT). However, the functional locus of this effect remains to be ascertained. In the present study, this issue was investigated by applying the additive factor logic to the RTs of rats performing a visuo-motor task. Method. The task consisted(More)
Working memory impairment under narcosis has never been investigated. Furthermore, mechanisms by which narcosis disturbs working memory processes remain relatively unknown. The present work was aimed at answering to these two questions using a well-known normobaric narcotic gas, nitrous oxide (N2O), and a classical working memory task (a two-trial(More)