Alain Courtière

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The present study was aimed at characterizing the cognitive deficits caused by the degeneration of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) pathways by using the additive factor logic [Sternberg, S. (1969) Acta Psychol., 30, 276-315], a powerful reaction time (RT) method developed in humans and recently introduced in the rat [Courtiere, A., Hardouin, J., Hasbroucq, T.,(More)
While there is general agreement that in Parkinson's disease (PD), striatal dopamine (DA) depletion causes motor deficits, the origin of the associated cognitive impairments remains a matter of debate. The present study aimed to decipher the influence of a partial 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion of striatal DA nerve terminals in rats performing a reaction(More)
It is well established that the dopaminergic system influences simple reaction time (RT) performance. However, the role of this system in more complex information processing remains to be clarified. The present study was aimed at addressing this issue. To this end, we used an inferential method that relies on choice RT procedures and allows one to identify(More)
In humans, the Simon effect refers to the fact that choice reaction time (RT) is shorter when the stimulus corresponds spatially to the response than when it does not, albeit the location of the stimulus is irrelevant to the task. This effect has motivated innumerable empirical and theoretical studies and is considered to reflect elementary cognitive(More)
RATIONALE Nitrous oxide (N(2)O) inhalation, at subanaesthetic concentrations, impairs choice reaction time (RT). However, the functional locus of this effect remains to be ascertained. In the present study, this issue was investigated by applying the additive factor logic to the RTs of rats performing a visuo-motor task. METHOD The task consisted of(More)
Working memory impairment under narcosis has never been investigated. Furthermore, mechanisms by which narcosis disturbs working memory processes remain relatively unknown. The present work was aimed at answering to these two questions using a well-known normobaric narcotic gas, nitrous oxide (N2O), and a classical working memory task (a two-trial(More)
Nitrous oxide (N2O) effects were evaluated, as a behavioural model of inert gas narcosis, in rats performing a vigilance task in which they were required to respond to a slight luminous increment of the house-light. A dose-related decrease of correct responses was produced by the tested range of concentrations of N2O (from 30 to 70% N2O), with a parallel(More)
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the acute and subchronic administration of the benzodiazepine clobazam (20 mg/kg orally) on the plasma levels of the pituitary hormones (prolactin, FSH and LH) in the male rat. This 1.5 benzodiazepine did not induce any variation of the hormone levels either after acute or subchronic administration. These(More)
The effects of chronic administration of sodium valproate (200 mg/Kg/d i.p.) and diazepam (5 mg/Kg/d i.m.) alone or in association on the plasma levels of the pituitary hormones (prolactin, FSH and LH) were studied in the m ale rat. Sodium valproate increases prolactin plasma levels. This effect is antagonized by diazepam. Both molecules do not affect FSH(More)
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