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Tetrodotoxin (TTX) shortens Purkinje fiber action potential duration (APD) at concentrations (greater than or equal to 3.3 x 10(-8) M) lower than that at which the maximum rate of rise decreases (approximately 10(-6) M). The shortening effect of TTX occurs either at low or high driving rate and is much greater in Purkinje fibers than in bundle branch and(More)
It has been suggested in a previous article [Escande et al., Am. J. Physiol. 249 (Heart Circ. Physiol. 18): H843-H850, 1985] that transient outward currents may participate in the initial repolarization of human atrial fibers. The present study substantiates the existence of such currents in human myocardium. Membrane currents were recorded in enzymatically(More)
Membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) proteins are major determinants of the organization of ion channels in the plasma membrane in various cell types. Here, we investigated the interaction between the MAGUK protein SAP97 and cardiac Kv4.2/3 channels, which account for a large part of the outward potassium current, I(to), in heart. We found that the(More)
In batrachotoxin (BTX)-treated frog node of Ranvier, in spite of a marked reduction in Na inactivation, the Na current still presents a time- and voltage-dependent inactivation that could induce a 50-60% decrease in the current. The inactivation was found to be modified by changing the amplitude of a conditioning pulse, adding tetrodotoxin in the external(More)
Mechanosensitive ion channels from Escherichia coli were studied in giant proteoliposomes reconstituted from an inner membrane fraction, or in giant round cells in which the outer membrane and the cell wall had been disrupted by a lysozyme-EDTA treatment and a mild osmotic shock. Patch-clamp experiments revealed the presence in these two preparations of an(More)
Extracellular purines and pyrimidines have major effects on cardiac rhythm and contraction. ATP/UTP are released during various physiopathological conditions, such as ischemia, and despite degradation by ectonucleotidases, their interstitial concentrations can markedly increase, a fact that is clearly associated with arrhythmia. In the present whole cell(More)
This study investigated the relationship between the level of arousal (Heart Rate) and the number of erroneous perceptions among video poker players. Twelve regular and twelve occasional gamblers participated in a gambling session conducted in a natural environment. It was hypothesised that 1) a significant positive correlation would be observed between(More)
AIMS A decrease in L-type calcium current (ICaL) is an important mechanism favouring atrial fibrillation (AF). Here, we aimed to identify pathogenic factors associated with ICaL downregulation. METHODS AND RESULTS Atrial myocytes were isolated from right atrial appendages obtained from 86 adult patients in sinus rhythm with coronary artery disease, aortic(More)
Inner and outer membranes of Escherichia coli and contact zones were isolated and fused separately with giant liposomes amenable to patch-clamp recording. Different types of large pressure-activated channels were localized in the inner membrane fraction which also contained smaller, pressure-insensitive channels. The outer membrane contained(More)
Recent studies indicate that cardiac T-type Ca2+ current (ICaT) reappears in hypertrophied ventricular cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of angiotensin II (Ang II), a major inducer of cardiac hypertrophy, in the reexpression of T-type channel in left ventricular hypertrophied myocytes. We induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats by(More)