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BACKGROUND Whether continuous renal replacement therapy is better than intermittent haemodialysis for the treatment of acute renal failure in critically ill patients is controversial. In this study, we compare the effect of intermittent haemodialysis and continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration on survival rates in critically ill patients with acute renal(More)
This study was designed to identify factors associated with death by 6 months post-intensive care unit (ICU) discharge and to develop a practical mortality risk score for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-treated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. We also assessed long-term survivors’ health-related quality of life (HRQL),(More)
CONTEXT Many physicians believe that the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) is useful for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiopulmonary disturbances; however, observational studies suggest that its use may be harmful. OBJECTIVE To determine the effects on outcome of the early use of a PAC in patients with shock mainly of septic origin, acute respiratory(More)
RATIONALE Increasing use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for acute respiratory failure may increase resource requirements and hospital costs. Better prediction of survival in these patients may improve resource use, allow risk-adjusted comparison of center-specific outcomes, and help clinicians to target patients most likely to benefit from(More)
We sought to determine the epidemiological characteristics of patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) who developed ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by piperacillin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PRPA; n=34) or piperacillin-susceptible P. aeruginosa (PSPA; n=101). According to univariate analysis, the factors associated with the development(More)
RATIONALE It is not known whether the isolation of herpes simplex virus (HSV) from lower respiratory tract samples of nonimmunocompromised ventilated patients corresponds to bronchial contamination from the mouth and/or throat, local tracheobronchial excretion of HSV, or true HSV lung involvement (bronchopneumonitis) with its own morbidity/mortality. (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the outcome and health-related quality of life of patients requiring >or=14 days of mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN Prospective cohort study with post-ICU, cross-sectional, health-related quality-of-life survey. SETTING A 17-bed ICU in a university hospital. PATIENTS A consecutive cohort of 347(More)
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used in clinical medicine for 40 years but remains controversial therapy, particularly in adult patients with severe respiratory failure. Over the last few years, there have been considerable advances in extracorporeal technology and clinical practice, ushering in a new era of ECMO. Many institutions(More)
The single-indicator transpulmonary thermodilution technique (PiCCO system) provides two derived indices of cardiac systolic function: the cardiac function index and the global ejection fraction. We used transesophageal echocardiography to compare theses indices with left ventricular fractional area of change only for patients with no isolated right(More)
We investigated the value of procalcitonin kinetics as a prognostic marker during ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). This prospective, observational study was conducted in a medical intensive care unit in a university hospital. All consecutive patients with microbiologically proven VAP who survived 3 days after its diagnosis were included and grouped(More)