Alain Carruzzo

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BACKGROUND The natural history and pathogenesis of ischemic spinal cord infarction remain largely unknown because most clinical studies have included mostly patients with ischemic lesions associated with aortic surgery or prolonged arterial hypotension. OBJECTIVE To assess the pathogenetic mechanisms and outcomes of these cord infarctions based on(More)
Brain mechanisms underlying hysterical conversion symptoms are still poorly known. Recent hypotheses suggested that activation of motor pathways might be suppressed by inhibitory signals based on particular emotional situations. To assess motor and inhibitory brain circuits during conversion paralysis, we designed a go-nogo task while a patient underwent(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Spontaneous cervical artery dissection (SCAD) is a common cause of stroke in the young; however, its recurrence has been rarely studied. Recurrent SCAD at the level of the previously dissected vessel has been reported in only six patients. METHODS We prospectively evaluated and followed a series of 81 patients seen in our center(More)
The pathogenesis of massive haemorrhagic transformation is not well established. Fatal haemorrhagic transformation associated with in situ dissection after acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in a patient with atrial fibrillation is reported. An 80 year old woman with atrial fibrillation developed mild hemiparesis and aphasia. Brain CT and MRI at 4(More)
We report on two patients with recurrent syncope secondary to ictal bradyarrhythmias, triggered by partial epileptic seizures with atypical, stereotyped auras. Ictal bradyarrhythmias are potentially lethal, and likely originate from the involvement of limbic autonomic regions. The appropriate treatment is double-headed, including an antiepileptic drug and(More)
Thrombolysis administered intravenously within 3 hours (or within 6 hours intra-arterially) after symptoms onset improves the functional outcome of acute ischemic stroke patients. In Switzerland this treatment is only performed by specialized centers. At the level of a community hospital or a general practitioner, the management is based on the appropriate(More)
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