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To investigate whether the intensity and duration of a sustained contraction influences reflex regulation, we compared sustained fatiguing contractions at 25 % and 50 % of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force in the human abductor pollicis brevis (APB) muscle. Because the activation of motoneurones during fatigue may be reflexively controlled by the(More)
This study examines the effect of a change in fascicle length on motor unit recruitment and discharge rate in the human tibialis anterior during shortening and lengthening contractions that involved a similar change in torque. The dorsiflexor torque and the surface and intramuscular electromyograms (EMGs) from the tibialis anterior were recorded in eight(More)
1. In 67 single motor units, the mechanical properties, the recruitment and derecruitment thresholds, and the discharge rates were recorded concurrently in the first dorsal interosseus (FDI) of human subjects during intermittent fatiguing contractions. The task consisted of isometric ramp-and-hold contractions performed at 50 % of the maximal voluntary(More)
This study analyses the relative contribution of the triceps surae and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles to tension development with reference to voluntary plantarflexion at two articular positions of the knee joint (extended and flexed at 90 degrees) for various inertial loads. Subjects were instructed to perform plantarflexions at various sub-maximal and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and predictors of deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) in a contemporary cohort of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The early and late outcomes of patients with this complication also were analyzed. DESIGN A retrospective study of consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery using a(More)
The mechanical twitch in response to increasing electrical stimulus intensity, delivered both over the motor point and motor nerve, was recorded in the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and the adductor pollicis (AP), and only over the motor point in the soleus (Sol), lateral (LG), and medial (MG) gastrocnemius muscles of human subjects. The relationship(More)
This study examines the effect of fascicle length change on motor-unit recruitment and discharge rate in the human tibialis anterior (TA) during isometric contractions of various intensities. The torque produced during dorsiflexion and the surface and intramuscular electromyograms (EMGs) from the TA were recorded in eight subjects. The behavior of the same(More)
Degenerative mitral valve disease is the most common cause of mitral regurgitation (MR) in developed countries. The most common etiologies of valvular regurgitation are Barlow's disease and fibroelastic deficiency. The mechanism of MR is type II dysfunction (leaflet prolapse) due to chordae elongation or rupture in most patients. Associated annular dilation(More)
This work examines the relative contribution of the triceps surae heads and the tibialis anterior (TA) to tension development with reference to voluntary plantarflexion at various velocities and at two articular positions of the knee joint (extended and flexed at 90 degrees ). Subjects were instructed to perform plantarflexion at various submaximal and(More)