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BACKGROUND Acute coronary occlusion is the leading cause of cardiac arrest. Because of limited data, the indications and timing of coronary angiography and angioplasty in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest are controversial. Using data from the Parisian Region Out of hospital Cardiac ArresT prospective registry, we performed an analysis to assess(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to assess the hemodynamic status of survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). BACKGROUND The global prognosis after successfully resuscitated patients with OHCA remains poor. Clinical studies describing the hemodynamic status of survivors of OHCA and its impact on prognosis are lacking. METHODS Among 165(More)
CONTEXT Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is believed to be a cytokine central to pathogenesis of septic shock. TNF2, a polymorphism within the TNF-alpha gene promoter, has been associated with enhanced TNF-alpha production and negative outcome in some severe infections. OBJECTIVES To investigate the frequency of the TNF2 allele in patients with(More)
INTRODUCTION Esophageal Doppler provides a continuous and non-invasive estimate of descending aortic blood flow (ABF) and corrected left ventricular ejection time (LVETc). Considering passive leg raising (PLR) as a reversible volume expansion (VE), we compared the relative abilities of PLR-induced ABF variations, LVETc and respiratory pulsed pressure(More)
INTRODUCTION Most survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) will die subsequently from post-anoxic encephalopathy. In animals, the severity of brain damage is mainly influenced by the duration of cardiac arrest and also by the cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen extraction (CEO2) abnormalities observed during the post-resuscitation period. The aim(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Despite advances in cardiac arrest resuscitation, neurologic impairments and other organ dysfunctions cause considerable mortality and morbidity after restoration of spontaneous cardiac activity. The mechanisms underlying this postresuscitation disease probably involve a whole-body ischemia and reperfusion syndrome that triggers a systemic(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic differences in immune responses may affect susceptibility to and outcome of septic shock. CD14 seems to be an important part of the innate immune system, initiating antimicrobial response. We evaluated the frequency of a recently discovered CD14 promoter gene polymorphism (C to T transition at base pair -159) among patients with septic(More)
INTRODUCTION PROWESS (Recombinant Human Activated Protein C Worldwide Evaluation in Severe Sepsis) was a phase III, randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multicenter trial conducted in patients with severe sepsis from 164 medical centers. Here we report data collected at study entry for 1690 patients and over the following 7 days for the 840(More)
BACKGROUND Although the level of evidence of improvement is significant in cardiac arrest patients resuscitated from a shockable rhythm (ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia [VF/Vt]), the use of therapeutic mild hypothermia (TMH) is more controversial in nonshockable patients (pulseless electric activity or asystole [PEA/asystole]).(More)