Alain Branchereau

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BACKGROUND Carotid stenting is less invasive than endarterectomy, but it is unclear whether it is as safe in patients with symptomatic carotid-artery stenosis. METHODS We conducted a multicenter, randomized, noninferiority trial to compare stenting with endarterectomy in patients with a symptomatic carotid stenosis of at least 60%. The primary end point(More)
BACKGROUND Results from randomised controlled trials have shown a higher short-term risk of stroke associated with carotid stenting than with carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of symptomatic carotid stenosis. However, these trials were underpowered for investigation of whether carotid artery stenting might be a safe alternative to endarterectomy in(More)
PURPOSE Extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysms (EICAs) can be treated by carotid ligation or surgical reconstruction. In the consideration of the risk of stroke after internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion, the aim of this study was to report the results of reconstructive surgery for these aneurysms, including lesions located at the base of the(More)
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii. Polymorphic, the disease may present as an acute or chronic infection. Vascular infections are the second most common form of chronic Q fever, following endocarditis. Herein, we studied the outcome of 30 new cases of aortic infection caused by C. burnetii using uni- and multivariate analyses. The(More)
UNLABELLED After intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) for acute ischaemic stroke (AIS), a severe cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis may remain and increase the risk of recurrent stroke. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been shown to be effective in reducing the risk of stroke. However, it is not well known whether CEA can be performed safely after(More)
We report 15 examples of popliteal artery entrapment syndrome observed in 11 patients. The anatomical causes were as follows: in one case, the popliteal artery presented an aberrant course medially to the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle. In 5 cases, there was a small fibrous band linking the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle to the lateral(More)
Conventional surgical treatment of anastomotic false abdominal aortic aneurysms (AFAA) is technically difficult. Morbidity-mortality rates are higher than those for surgery of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Endovascular management without laparotomy or aortic clamping represents an attractive alternative. The purpose of this study was to(More)
OBJECTIVES In heart transplant recipients with diffuse coronary arteriopathy, we have previously demonstrated the prevalence of elevated homocysteinemia, also known as an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction and stroke. In hyperhomocysteinemic mini-pigs we also observed early detectable pathologic changes in the elastic laminae. We hypothesized(More)
The most frequent clinical presentation of chronic Q fever is endocarditis, although infections of aneurysms and vascular prostheses have also been described. We report seven new cases of Coxiella burnetii infection of aneurysms or vascular grafts. We also review the literature and compare our cases with the six previously reported cases. This study(More)
The purpose of this study was to use our newly developed mock circulation loop to determine the effects of cryopreservation on the common carotid artery (CCA) and the superficial femoral artery (SFA). Fourteen healthy arteries (7 CCA and 7 SFA) harvested from multiple organ donors between the ages of 18 and 35 years were tested before and after(More)