Alain Braillon

Learn More
To the Editor: Preterm birth is not, as Muglia and Katz (Feb. 11 issue)1 conclude, an “enigma” justifying passionate enthusiasm for “further knowledge of the biology” and investment in “talented investigators from diverse disciplines [who] need to work together, sharing databases, biologic samples, and intellectual perspectives.”1 We need first of all to(More)
Systemic and splanchnic haemodynamics were studied in patients with cirrhosis who had been classified in three groups (A, B, and C) according to the degree of liver failure (modified Pugh's classification). In patients of group A, cardiac index was significantly lower than that of group C and systemic vascular resistance was higher, but not significantly(More)
We report a case ofPseudomonas aeruginosa liver abscesses following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in a patient without evidence of biliary tract disease and of any known cause of hepatic infection. Computer tomography (CT) scan was the best method of diagnosis, allowing, through guided percutaneous puncture of the abscesses,(More)
Systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics of the chronic bile duct-ligated rat were characterized by radioactive microspheres. Conscious and pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized, bile duct-ligated and sham-operated rats had cardiac output and regional organ blood flows determined. The conscious bile duct-ligated rat compared with the sham-operated showed a(More)
The effect of metronidazole on liver function tests was studied in patients given total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for an acute attack of Crohn's disease. In those receiving TPN and metronidazole, serum activities of alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl-transferase decreased or remained normal after 30 days of TPN. In contrast, serum activities of these(More)
UNLABELLED Colonic pseudolipomatosis is a rare and benign condition. It is not well known by gastroenterologists and its pathogenesis is still unclear. METHODS All cases of colonic pseudolipomatosis seen between February 2002 and June 2004 at the Amiens Universisty Hospital were identified and analyzed. RESULTS During this period, 2099 colonoscopies(More)
Chronic administration of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has recently been suggested as a potential treatment for cholestatic liver disease. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of chronic oral administration of UDCA on the histological, biochemical, and hemodynamic abnormalities induced by bile duct ligation in the rat. Fifty-one rats with(More)
A decrease in plasma noradrenaline--a reflection of sympathetic nervous system activity--by clonidine, a centrally acting alpha 2-agonist, could reduce the hyperdynamic circulation observed in cirrhosis and may thereby decrease portal hypertension. Plasma noradrenaline concentration and plasma renin activity as well as systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics(More)
Sir, Jud et al. recently published an interesting paper on characteristics associated with maltreatment types in children [1]. They are obviously quite experienced in the field of child maltreatment. Yet, to our surprise, they do not express any concern about the most frequent of all thinkable forms of physical harm namely exposure to secondhand tobacco(More)