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BACKGROUND Mitochondrial dysfunction is critical following ischemic disorders. Our goal was to determine whether mild hypothermia could limit this dysfunction through per-ischemic inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. METHODS First, ROS production was evaluated during simulated ischemia in an vitro model of isolated rat cardiomyocytes at(More)
The effects of (7,8-dimethoxy 3-[3-([(1S)-(4,5-dimethoxybenzocyclobutan-1-yl)methyl]methylamino) - propyl]1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2H-benzapin 2-one hydrochloride) (S 16257), a new bradycardic agent acting through inhibition of the hyperpolarization-activated I(f) current in the sino-atrial node, on arterial blood pressure, cardiac output, left ventricular(More)
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has emerged as a feasible and attractive therapeutic procedure for heart protection against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, its molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a transcription factor that plays a key role in the cellular adaptation to hypoxia and(More)
AIMS The respective contributions of reduction in heart rate and inotropism in the beneficial effects of beta-blockade in ischaemic heart disease remains debated. The effects of selective heart rate reduction by ivabradine (If inhibitor) were compared to those of atenolol on exercise-induced ischaemia and stunning. METHODS AND RESULTS In seven(More)
1. The relaxant effects of isoprenaline may result from activation of another beta-adrenoceptor subtype in addition to beta1 and beta2. This study evaluated the role of a third beta-adrenoceptor subtype, beta3, in beta-adrenoceptor-induced relaxation of rat thoracic aorta by isoprenaline. 2. Isoprenaline produced a concentration-dependent relaxation of(More)
BACKGROUND In animal models of cardiac arrest, the benefit afforded by hypothermia is closely linked to the rapidity of the decrease in body temperature after resuscitation. Because total liquid ventilation (TLV) with temperature-controlled perfluorocarbons induces a very rapid and generalized cooling, we aimed to determine whether this could limit the(More)
Mild hypothermia, 32-35° C, is very potent at reducing myocardial infarct size in rabbits, dogs, sheep, pigs, and rats. The benefit is directly related to reduction in normothermic ischaemic time, supporting the relevance of early and rapid cooling. The cardioprotective effect of mild hypothermia is not limited to its recognized reduction of infarct size,(More)
AIM The MITOCARE study evaluated the efficacy and safety of TRO40303 for the reduction of reperfusion injury in patients undergoing revascularization for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS Patients presenting with STEMI within 6 h of the onset of pain randomly received TRO40303 (n = 83) or placebo (n = 80) via i.v. bolus injection prior(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the cell shrinkage that occurs during apoptosis could be explained by a change of the activity in ion transport pathways. We tested whether sphingolipids, which are potent pro-apoptotic compounds, can activate ionic currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Apoptosis was characterized in our model by a decrease(More)
The systemic and coronary hemodynamic effects of mibefradil, a "nondihydropyridine" calcium antagonist acting on both L- and T-type calcium channels, were investigated in chronically instrumented conscious dogs before and after local endothelium removal of the circumflex coronary artery by angioplasty. After intravenous infusion, mibefradil (0.2 mg kg-1(More)