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AIM The MITOCARE study evaluated the efficacy and safety of TRO40303 for the reduction of reperfusion injury in patients undergoing revascularization for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS Patients presenting with STEMI within 6 h of the onset of pain randomly received TRO40303 (n = 83) or placebo (n = 80) via i.v. bolus injection prior(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the cell shrinkage that occurs during apoptosis could be explained by a change of the activity in ion transport pathways. We tested whether sphingolipids, which are potent pro-apoptotic compounds, can activate ionic currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Apoptosis was characterized in our model by a decrease(More)
Postconditioning, i.e., brief intermittent episodes of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion performed at the onset of reperfusion, reduces infarct size after prolonged ischemia. Our goal was to determine whether postconditioning is protective against myocardial stunning. Accordingly, conscious chronically instrumented dogs (sonomicrometry, coronary balloon(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO), produced during the degradation of heme by the enzyme heme oxygenase, is an important signaling mediator in mammalian cells. Here we show that precise delivery of CO to isolated heart mitochondria using a water-soluble CO-releasing molecule (CORM-3) uncouples respiration. Addition of low-micromolar concentrations of CORM-3 (1-20 μM),(More)
Opening of the permeability transition pore (PTP) is a key event in ischemia-reperfusion injury and several ligands of the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR), a mitochondrial outer membrane protein possibly associated with PTP, have been demonstrated as potent cardioprotective agents. Here, we investigated the mechanisms by which the specific PBR(More)
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. To date, the only treatment of complete ischemia is to restore blood flow; thus the search for new cardioprotective approaches is absolutely necessary to reduce the mortality associated with myocardial ischemia. Ischemia has long been considered to(More)
Ischemic postconditioning (IPCD) significantly reduces infarct size in healthy animals and protects the human heart. Because obesity is a major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, the effects of IPCD were investigated in 8- to 10-wk-old leptin-deficient obese (ob/ob) mice and compared with wild-type C57BL/6J (WT) mice. All animals underwent 30 min of(More)
3,5-Seco-4-nor-cholestan-5-one oxime-3-ol (TRO40303) is a new cardioprotective compound coming from a chemical series identified initially for neuroprotective properties. TRO40303 binds specifically to the mitochondrial translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) at the cholesterol site. After intravenous administration, TRO40303 tissue distribution was comparable(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac overload, a major cause of heart failure, induces the expression of the heat shock protein H11 kinase/Hsp22 (Hsp22). METHODS AND RESULTS To determine the specific function of Hsp22 in that context, a knockout mouse model of Hsp22 deletion was generated. Although comparable to wild-type mice in basal conditions, knockout mice exposed to(More)
The respective contributions of heart rate (HR) reduction and left ventricular (LV) negative inotropy to the effects of antianginal drugs are debated. Accordingly, eight instrumented dogs were investigated during exercise at spontaneous and paced HR (250 beats/min) after administration of either saline, atenolol, or ivabradine (selective pacemaker current(More)