Learn More
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the cell shrinkage that occurs during apoptosis could be explained by a change of the activity in ion transport pathways. We tested whether sphingolipids, which are potent pro-apoptotic compounds, can activate ionic currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Apoptosis was characterized in our model by a decrease(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO), produced during the degradation of heme by the enzyme heme oxygenase, is an important signaling mediator in mammalian cells. Here we show that precise delivery of CO to isolated heart mitochondria using a water-soluble CO-releasing molecule (CORM-3) uncouples respiration. Addition of low-micromolar concentrations of CORM-3 (1-20 μM),(More)
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. To date, the only treatment of complete ischemia is to restore blood flow; thus the search for new cardioprotective approaches is absolutely necessary to reduce the mortality associated with myocardial ischemia. Ischemia has long been considered to(More)
Ischemic postconditioning (IPCD) significantly reduces infarct size in healthy animals and protects the human heart. Because obesity is a major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, the effects of IPCD were investigated in 8- to 10-wk-old leptin-deficient obese (ob/ob) mice and compared with wild-type C57BL/6J (WT) mice. All animals underwent 30 min of(More)
An LC-MS-based approach is presented for the identification and quantification of proteins from unsequenced organisms. The method relies on the preservation of homology across species and the similarity in detection characteristics of proteomes in general. Species related proteomes share similarity that progresses from the amino acid frequency distribution(More)
BACKGROUND Constitutive bradykinin B(1) receptors have been identified in dogs; however, their physiological implications involving the coronary circulation remain to be determined. This study examined, in conscious dogs, the coronary response to des-Arg(9)-bradykinin (a B(1) receptor agonist) and the mechanisms involved. METHODS AND RESULTS Eleven dogs(More)
BACKGROUND In animal models of cardiac arrest, the benefit afforded by hypothermia is closely linked to the rapidity of the decrease in body temperature after resuscitation. Because total liquid ventilation (TLV) with temperature-controlled perfluorocarbons induces a very rapid and generalized cooling, we aimed to determine whether this could limit the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the potential cardioprotective effects of an original approach based on the properties of the X chromosome-linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis (XIAP), the most effective endogenous inhibitor of apoptosis. For this purpose, the C-terminal part of XIAP (BIR3 and RING domains) was fused to the protein transduction(More)
Obesity is a major health issue that impedes the ability of preconditioning and postconditioning to protect the myocardium against infarction secondary to dysregulation of kinase signaling pathways. Moreover, exercise decreases cardiovascular mortality in obese patients but the mechanism remains to be established. Wild-type (WT) and obese (ob/ob) mice were(More)
Although reperfusion injury has been shown to be responsible for cardiomyocytes death after an acute myocardial infarction, there is currently no drug on the market that reduces this type of injury. TRO40303 is a new cardioprotective compound that was shown to inhibit the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore and reduce infarct size(More)