Alain Berdeaux

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Ischemic postconditioning (IPCD) significantly reduces infarct size in healthy animals and protects the human heart. Because obesity is a major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, the effects of IPCD were investigated in 8- to 10-wk-old leptin-deficient obese (ob/ob) mice and compared with wild-type C57BL/6J (WT) mice. All animals underwent 30 min of(More)
BACKGROUND Increased permeability, predominantly controlled by endothelial junction stability, is an early event in the deterioration of vascular integrity in ischemic disorders. Hemorrhage, edema, and inflammation are the main features of reperfusion injuries, as observed in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Thus, preservation of vascular integrity is(More)
1. The relaxant effects of isoprenaline may result from activation of another beta-adrenoceptor subtype in addition to beta1 and beta2. This study evaluated the role of a third beta-adrenoceptor subtype, beta3, in beta-adrenoceptor-induced relaxation of rat thoracic aorta by isoprenaline. 2. Isoprenaline produced a concentration-dependent relaxation of(More)
We investigated the effects of the selective bradycardic agent ivabradine, an I(f) channel inhibitor, on exercise-induced ischemia and resulting myocardial stunning. Seven dogs were chronically instrumented to measure left ventricular (LV) wall thickening (Wth), aortic pressure and coronary blood flow (CBFv) (Doppler). Circumflex coronary artery stenosis(More)
Postconditioning, i.e., brief intermittent episodes of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion performed at the onset of reperfusion, reduces infarct size after prolonged ischemia. Our goal was to determine whether postconditioning is protective against myocardial stunning. Accordingly, conscious chronically instrumented dogs (sonomicrometry, coronary balloon(More)
AIMS The respective contributions of reduction in heart rate and inotropism in the beneficial effects of beta-blockade in ischaemic heart disease remains debated. The effects of selective heart rate reduction by ivabradine (If inhibitor) were compared to those of atenolol on exercise-induced ischaemia and stunning. METHODS AND RESULTS In seven(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the cell shrinkage that occurs during apoptosis could be explained by a change of the activity in ion transport pathways. We tested whether sphingolipids, which are potent pro-apoptotic compounds, can activate ionic currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Apoptosis was characterized in our model by a decrease(More)
Opening of the permeability transition pore (PTP) is a key event in ischemia-reperfusion injury and several ligands of the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR), a mitochondrial outer membrane protein possibly associated with PTP, have been demonstrated as potent cardioprotective agents. Here, we investigated the mechanisms by which the specific PBR(More)
The systemic and coronary hemodynamic effects of mibefradil, a "nondihydropyridine" calcium antagonist acting on both L- and T-type calcium channels, were investigated in chronically instrumented conscious dogs before and after local endothelium removal of the circumflex coronary artery by angioplasty. After intravenous infusion, mibefradil (0.2 mg kg-1(More)
Since several years, the interest for chloride channels and more particularly for the enigmatic swelling-activated chloride channel (I(Cl,swell)) is increasing. Despite its well-characterized electrophysiological properties, the I(Cl,swell) structure and pharmacology are not totally elucidated. These channels are involved in a variety of cell functions,(More)