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1. The relaxant effects of isoprenaline may result from activation of another beta-adrenoceptor subtype in addition to beta1 and beta2. This study evaluated the role of a third beta-adrenoceptor subtype, beta3, in beta-adrenoceptor-induced relaxation of rat thoracic aorta by isoprenaline. 2. Isoprenaline produced a concentration-dependent relaxation of(More)
Ischemic postconditioning (IPCD) significantly reduces infarct size in healthy animals and protects the human heart. Because obesity is a major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, the effects of IPCD were investigated in 8- to 10-wk-old leptin-deficient obese (ob/ob) mice and compared with wild-type C57BL/6J (WT) mice. All animals underwent 30 min of(More)
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has emerged as a feasible and attractive therapeutic procedure for heart protection against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, its molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a transcription factor that plays a key role in the cellular adaptation to hypoxia and(More)
Postconditioning, i.e., brief intermittent episodes of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion performed at the onset of reperfusion, reduces infarct size after prolonged ischemia. Our goal was to determine whether postconditioning is protective against myocardial stunning. Accordingly, conscious chronically instrumented dogs (sonomicrometry, coronary balloon(More)
AIMS The respective contributions of reduction in heart rate and inotropism in the beneficial effects of beta-blockade in ischaemic heart disease remains debated. The effects of selective heart rate reduction by ivabradine (If inhibitor) were compared to those of atenolol on exercise-induced ischaemia and stunning. METHODS AND RESULTS In seven(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial dysfunction is critical following ischemic disorders. Our goal was to determine whether mild hypothermia could limit this dysfunction through per-ischemic inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. METHODS First, ROS production was evaluated during simulated ischemia in an vitro model of isolated rat cardiomyocytes at(More)
The effects of (7,8-dimethoxy 3-[3-([(1S)-(4,5-dimethoxybenzocyclobutan-1-yl)methyl]methylamino) - propyl]1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2H-benzapin 2-one hydrochloride) (S 16257), a new bradycardic agent acting through inhibition of the hyperpolarization-activated I(f) current in the sino-atrial node, on arterial blood pressure, cardiac output, left ventricular(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the cell shrinkage that occurs during apoptosis could be explained by a change of the activity in ion transport pathways. We tested whether sphingolipids, which are potent pro-apoptotic compounds, can activate ionic currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Apoptosis was characterized in our model by a decrease(More)
AIM The MITOCARE study evaluated the efficacy and safety of TRO40303 for the reduction of reperfusion injury in patients undergoing revascularization for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS Patients presenting with STEMI within 6 h of the onset of pain randomly received TRO40303 (n = 83) or placebo (n = 80) via i.v. bolus injection prior(More)
The interactions of lidocaine with baroreceptor reflexes during simulated orthostatic stress or moderate volume depletion were investigated in healthy volunteers using the lower body negative pressure (LBNP) test. Cardiopulmonary baroreceptors were selectively unloaded at low levels of LBNP (-15 mm Hg) since the central venous pressure (CVP) decreased (-1.4(More)