Alain Béliveau

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Organization into polarized three-dimensional structures defines whether epithelial cells are normal or malignant. In a model of morphogenesis, we show that inhibiting key signaling pathways in human breast cancer cells leads to "phenotypic reversion" of the malignant cells. Using architecture as an endpoint, we report that, in all cases, signaling through(More)
Ectopically expressed hTERT enables p16(INK4A)(-) human mammary epithelial cells to proliferate in the absence of growth factors, a finding that has led to the hypothesis that hTERT has growth regulatory properties independent of its role in telomere maintenance. We now show that telomerase can alter the growth properties of cells indirectly through its(More)
A central question in breast cancer biology is how cancer cells acquire telomerase activity required for unlimited proliferation. According to one model, proliferation of telomerase(-) pre-malignant cells leads to telomere dysfunction and increased genomic instability. Such instability leads in rare cases to reactivation of telomerase and immortalization.(More)
In addition to conferring an indefinite replicative life span, telomerase renders p16(-) human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) resistant to growth arrest by TGFbeta or by loss of EGF or insulin signaling. In contrast to earlier reports, we recently found that growth factor signaling was not directly affected by telomerase expression. Rather, short(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p16(INK4a) (CDKN2A) is an important tumor suppressor gene frequently inactivated in human tumors. p16 suppresses the development of cancer by triggering an irreversible arrest of cell proliferation termed cellular senescence. Here, we describe another anti-oncogenic function of p16 in addition to its ability to halt(More)
1 PURPOSE. Altered expression of the ␣5␤1 integrin and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is recognized as a hallmark of invasive tumor cells. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the expression of integrin subunit ␣5, its corresponding ligand fibronectin (FN), and the expression pattern for MMPs in four highly proliferative human choroidal(More)
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