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We have determined the distribution of each of the 65,536 DNA sequences that are eight bases long (8-mer) in a set of 13,010 human genomic promoter sequences aligned relative to the putative transcription start site (TSS). A limited number of 8-mers have peaks in their distribution (cluster), and most cluster within 100 bp of the TSS. The 156 DNA sequences(More)
Mammalian neurogenesis is determined by an interplay between intrinsic genetic mechanisms and extrinsic cues such as growth factors. Here we have defined a signaling cascade, a MEK-C/EBP pathway, that is essential for cortical progenitor cells to become postmitotic neurons. Inhibition of MEK or of the C/EBP family of transcription factors inhibits(More)
We have examined binding of the CREB B-ZIP protein domain to double-stranded DNA containing a consensus CRE sequence (5'-TGACGTCA-3'), the related PAR, C/EBP and AP-1 sequences and the unrelated SP1 sequence. DNA binding was assayed in the presence or absence of MgCl2 and/or KCl using two methods: circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and electrophoretic(More)
The broad involvement of miRNAs in critical processes underlying development, tissue homoeostasis and disease has led to a surging interest among the research and pharmaceutical communities. To study miRNAs, it is essential that the quantification of microRNA levels is accurate and robust. By comparing wild-type to small RNA deficient mouse embryonic stem(More)
The ELOVL3 protein is a very long-chain fatty acid elongase found in liver, skin, and brown adipose tissues. Circadian expression of the Elovl3 gene in the liver is perturbed in mutant CLOCK mice but persists in mice with severe hepatic dysfunction. A reliance on an intact clock, combined with the refractoriness to liver decompensation and the finding of a(More)
Genome scans for diabetes have identified many regions of the human genome that correlate with the disease state. To identify candidate genes for type 2 diabetes, we examined the transgenic A-ZIP/F-1 mouse. This mouse model has no white fat, resulting in abnormal levels of glucose, insulin, and leptin, making the A-ZIP/F-1 mice a good model for(More)
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