Alaa M Afify

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Despite intensive investigation, the nature of epithelial ovarian cancer precursors remains controversial. Because women with a strong family history of ovarian cancer have a high probability of developing ovarian cancer themselves, ovaries removed prophylactically from such patients provide an opportunity to identify early neoplastic changes. Ovaries(More)
CONTEXT The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Numerous groups have shown increased circulating biomarkers of inflammation in MetS. However, there are scanty data on the cellular sources contributing to this low-grade inflammation. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the(More)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is present in the atherosclerotic plaques and appears to promote atherogenesis. Intraplaque CRP colocalizes with oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) and macrophages in human atherosclerotic lesions. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) has been implicated in plaque rupture. CRP promotes OxLDL uptake and MMP induction in vitro;(More)
The interaction between epithelial tumor cells and their surrounding stroma is important in tumor progression and metastasis. This is accomplished through a number of transmembrane receptors that interact with stromal extracellular matrix molecules. One of these receptors, CD44, binds to extracellular matrix component hyaluronic acid (HA). The purpose of(More)
Prophylactically removed ovaries from 64 women were compared with those from 30 women with no known family history of ovarian cancer for expression of the p53 tumor suppressor protein, the c-erbB-2 oncoprotein, and for the proliferation antigen Ki-67. All analyses were performed without knowledge of the family history. Ki-67 was expressed in rare nuclei in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic utility of the immunohistochemical expression of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) in adenocarcinomas from serous fluid specimens. STUDY DESIGN Archival paraffin-embedded cell blocks of serous fluids from 82 cases, including 34 cases of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma, 12 of metastatic ovarian adenocarcinoma, 12 of(More)
PURPOSE Currently, 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) is the gold standard radiotracer for staging of head and neck cancer; however, the low sensitivity of this tracer can impede detection of early lesions. (64)Cu-liposomes accumulate in various cancers and provide both a sensitive tracer and an indication of the biodistribution of(More)
The interaction between the transmembrane receptor CD44 on epithelial tumor cells and its ligand hyaluronan in the surrounding extracellular matrix is important in tumor progression and metastasis. CD44 is encoded by a single 20-exon gene and expressed in standard form (CD44s), as well as a myriad of CD44 variants (CD44v) generated by alternative splicing(More)
Tissues undergoing rapid growth and regeneration contain hyaluronic acid (HA) as a prominent component of the extracellular matrix. The physiologic role of HA is partly mediated by its relationship with CD44, its major cell surface receptor. Given the extensive remodeling of the endometrium during the menstrual cycle, the authors sought to determine whether(More)
Experimental evidence suggests that attachment of ovarian carcinoma cells to the peritoneal mesothelium involves the interaction between CD44 on ovarian carcinoma cells and hyaluronic acid on mesothelial surfaces. The authors therefore evaluated local and disseminated ovarian serous carcinomas for the expression of standard CD44 and CD44 splice variants(More)