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The prevalence of sleep disorders is higher in patients with kidney failure than the general population. We studied the prevalence of sleep disorders in 88 (mean age; 41.59 +/- 16.3 years) chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients at the Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Egypt over 4-month period. The investigated sleep disorders included(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by a wide variety of autoantibodies, some of which are pathogenic. In recent years it has become more evident that the polyclonal B cell activation in SLE is T-cell dependent. The stimulation of the autoantibody producing B cells is likely mediated by the TH2 subtype of T(More)
The aim of this study is to determine the response to hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and to identify the factors that could affect this response. This retrospective study was carried out during the period from January 2009 to December 2009 in the Prince Salman Center for Kidney Diseases (PSCKD), Riyadh, and included 144(More)
Hemodialysis (HD) patients have greater morbidity and mortality when they have a central venous catheter (CVC) rather than an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) access. Inflammation associated with dialysis catheter use and resultant higher C-reactive protein (CRP) levels could have an independent adverse effect on patient outcomes. In this prospective study, we(More)
Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has been suggested as providing safe, efficient, convenient, and possibly more cost-effective anticoagulation for hemodialysis (HD) than unfractionated heparin (UFH) with a single bolus dose at the start of hemodialysis effectively prevents clot formation in the dialyzer and bubble trap with fewer side-effects and(More)
BACKGROUND Elderly donors may have increased risks in the peri- and post-transplant period. We performed a retrospective study to determine the outcome of elderly living donors in our center. MATERIAL/METHODS Analysis of our live-related transplant program from Mar 1976 to Mar 2005 revealed that 146 donors were older than 50 years (range 50 to 69 yr) at(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection has been associated with glomerular disease in native and transplanted kidneys. We evaluated the presence of HCV infection at the time of transplantation and occurrence of proteinuria in Egyptian kidney transplant patients and their link with graft survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of hemodialysis (HD)-induced hypotension and hypertension remains speculative. There is mounting evidence that endothelin-1 (ET-1) may play a vital role in these hemodynamic changes. We examined the possible role of intradialytic changes of ET-1 in the pathogenesis of hypotension and rebound hypertension during HD. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related infection is commonly associated with a wide range of glomerulonephritides (GN) including membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). The causal link between HCV infection and renal disease has been postulated through the induction of cryoglobulinaemia and secondary GN. However, the detection of viral(More)
BACKGROUND Because of its potential nephrotoxicity, the long-term use of cyclosporine (CsA) as treatment for nephrotic syndrome (NS) is controversial. The clinical outcome of the patients with NS treated with CsA is unclear. METHODS This study reports the results of long-term CsA treatment in 117 children with idiopathic NS, who received CsA therapy for(More)