Ala Morshedian

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The sinoatrial node is a region of specialized cardiomyocytes that is responsible for the repetitive activity of the adult heart. The sinoatrial node is heavily innervated compared to the other regions of the heart, and the specialized cardiomyocytes of this region receive neural and hormonal input from the autonomic nervous system, which leads to changes(More)
Most vertebrates have a duplex retina containing rods for dim light vision and cones for bright lights and color detection. Photoreceptors like cones are present in many invertebrate phyla as well as in chordata, and rods evolved from cones, but the sequence of events is not well understood. Since duplex retinas are present in both agnatha and(More)
Photoreceptors in animals are generally of two kinds: the ciliary or c-type and the rhabdomeric or r-type. Although ciliary photoreceptors are found in many phyla, vertebrates seem to be unique in having two distinct kinds which together span the entire range of vision, from single photons to bright light. We ask why the principal photoreceptors of(More)
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