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Surgery in children with caustic esophageal burns, esophageal atresia or other esophageal disorders can be performed using gastric tube esophagoplasty. Between 1991 and 1999, a number of 41 such procedures have been performed in our department, using the original technique developed by Gavriliu. The results were assessed as good and very good in 83% of the(More)
Esophageal substitution in children is required in several types of esophageal atresia, as well as following strictures caused by caustic ingestion or peptic esophagitis. Nowadays, two main types of procedures are used for esophageal replacement: colon segment esophagoplasty (that seems to be preferred by most pediatric surgeons) and gastric tube(More)
Osteoarticular changes may occur in up to 23% of the cases with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) and even more frequent with Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia (AML). Most of the bone and joint pains are due to neoplastic infiltration, radiologically obvious as metaphyseal clear stripes, parietal enlargement, periosteal reaction, osteolysis and diffuse(More)
The authors have treated 13 cases of primary obstructive megaureter (POM) in children, presenting without vesicoureteric reflux. The diagnostic possibilities and the surgical approach options are discussed. Both Cohen and Leadbetter--Politano uretero-vesical reimplantation techniques proved to be successful in this series. Ureteric folding was done in 2(More)
A series of mechanical factors, such as postural changes and every day movements, favour mobilization of bronchoalveolar secretions and, hence, offer greater chanses of detecting the tuberculosis bacillus. It is recommended to collect, in out-patient units, two sputum samples, one in the morning and the second several hours later, after beginning the day's(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the result of severe injuries of different etiologies of the capillary system in patients with previously healthy lungs, resulting in noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. The authors studied 42 infants in whom the histopathologic aspects were suggestive for ARDS. The etiologic factors of this syndrome were: severe(More)