Al Vlad

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Esophageal substitution in children is required in several types of esophageal atresia, as well as following strictures caused by caustic ingestion or peptic esophagitis. Nowadays, two main types of procedures are used for esophageal replacement: colon segment esophagoplasty (that seems to be preferred by most pediatric surgeons) and gastric tube(More)
The persistence of the omphalo-enteric conduct is a rare, but possible, cause of pathology in children. Haemorrhage and intestinal occlusion are the most frequent clinical presentations, usually in infants. We describe the case of a 10 year old boy, who was admitted in our department for what seemed first to be an acute appendicitis. During hospitalization,(More)
Osteoarticular changes may occur in up to 23% of the cases with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) and even more frequent with Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia (AML). Most of the bone and joint pains are due to neoplastic infiltration, radiologically obvious as metaphyseal clear stripes, parietal enlargement, periosteal reaction, osteolysis and diffuse(More)
Achalasia is a functional disorder of the distal esophagus, which fails to relax during swallowing. Although being rare, this disorder is the source of a significant morbidity, including developmental disorders in children. Several therapeutical options are available: myorelaxants administration, esophageal dilations and surgery--distal esophageal(More)
A series of mechanical factors, such as postural changes and every day movements, favour mobilization of bronchoalveolar secretions and, hence, offer greater chanses of detecting the tuberculosis bacillus. It is recommended to collect, in out-patient units, two sputum samples, one in the morning and the second several hours later, after beginning the day's(More)