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Despite general agreement about the boundaries of Alzheimer disease (AD), establishing a maximum limit for Alzheimer-type pathology in cognitively intact individuals might aid in defining more precisely the point at which Alzheimer pathology becomes clinically relevant. In this study, we examined the neuropathological changes in the brains of 39(More)
1. Do motoneurons regulate muscle extrajunctional membrane properties through chemical (trophic) factors in addition to evoked activity? We addressed this question by comparing the effects of denervation and nerve conduction block by tetrodotoxin (TTX) on extrajunctional acetylcholine (ACh) sensitivity and action potential resistance to TTX in adult rats.(More)
We investigated the prevalence of dementia and the apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype distribution in the elderly of Buttapietra, a village near Verona, Italy. All residents over the age of 74 (n = 238), including those who were institutionalized, were studied using a direct-contact, single-phase design. The overall prevalence of dementia, clinically defined(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent multiple sclerosis (MS) prevalence studies classify Italy as a high-risk area without intra-regional latitude effect. OBJECTIVES To determine MS prevalence in Verona, Italy, and frequency of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) gene G511C polymorphism and HLA-DRB1*15 locus in a sample of cases and healthy controls. (More)
Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) is an autosomal recessive disease of infantile onset, characterised by progressive clinical course, multi-systemic involvement and widespread presence of dystrophic axons in both the central and peripheral nervous system. Clinical, neurophysiological and neuroradiological criteria of the disease are established, but(More)
The anterograde axonal transport of choline-phosphoglycerides was studied in sciatic nerve motoneurons of adult (3-month-old) and aged (24-month-old) rats. After the spinal cord injection of [2-3H]glycerol, choline-phosphoglycerides; the major phospholipid class was transported along the nerve. The axonal transport rate was determined by plotting the(More)
Electrophysiological findings were studied in a family with spino-bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA): the subjects were three male patients aged 58, 38 and 34 years and two female carriers aged 63 and 28 years. Diagnosis was proven at the molecular genetic level. Electromyography in the males showed spontaneous activity and neurogenic reorganization of the(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) rarely has its clinical onset in young adults, with a combination of cognitive and behavioural symptoms and peripheral neuropathy. Here we present an exceptional case with very late onset at 42 years of age and no clinical or neurophysiological sign of peripheral neuropathy. Molecular analysis revealed compound(More)
Histochemical, electron microscopy and biochemical studies were performed on muscle biopsy specimens from 11 AIDS patients treated with zidovudine. A peculiar association of structural abnormalities and mitochondrial dysfunction was found. Focal cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency was evident in muscle sections from 9 patients, 8 of whom had received(More)