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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Antifibrinolytic agents are used commonly in adult cardiac surgery to reduce postoperative blood loss. Paucity of literature on the use of a newer antifibrinolytic agent tranexamic acid (TA) in children undergoing cardiac surgery promoted us to conduct this study in children with cyanotic heart disease. METHODS One hundred and(More)
Over the years the age limit for the arterial switch operation (ASO) is being redefined with increasing expertise and adoption of extra-corporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO) in the surgical program. We conducted a study to see the differences in ultrastructural features in eight children with transposition of the great arteries, four with prepared and the(More)
We hereby report a child with transposition of great arteries and regressed ventricle who underwent arterial switch operation (ASO) with the aid of cardiopulmonary bypass and "integrated" extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuit. The significance of lactate clearance as a guide to initiate and terminate veno-arterial ECMO in a post ASO child with(More)
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare lung disease characterized by accumulation of excessive lung surfactant in the alveoli leading to restrictive lung functions and impaired gas exchange. Whole lung lavage (WLL) is the treatment modality of choice, which is usually performed using double lumen endobronchial tube insertion under general anesthesia(More)
OBJECTIVE The surgical management of infants older than 2 weeks with d-transposition of great arteries and intact ventricular septum (IVS) is a matter of debate. Some studies have presented good results of primary arterial switch operation (ASO) in these children. The aim of this study was to assess the surgical outcome of the primary ASO in children with(More)
Aortoesophageal fistulae (AEF) are rare and are associated with very high mortality. Foreign body ingestions remain the commonest cause of AEF seen in children. However in a clinical setting of tuberculosis and massive upper GI bleed, an AEF secondary to tuberculosis should be kept in mind. An early strong clinical suspicion with good quality imaging and(More)
INTRODUCTION The ideal management strategy for patients presenting late with transposition of great arteries (TGA), intact ventricular septum (IVS), and regressed left ventricle (LV) is not clear. Primary switch, two-stage switch, and Senning operation are the options. Left ventricular retraining prior to arterial switch by ductal stenting may be effective,(More)
CONTEXT Arterial switch operation (ASO) has become the established treatment for correction of transposition of great arteries (TGA). Despite the immediate correction of abnormal hemodynamics, acute and delayed complications related to the coronaries may cause morbidity and mortality. AIMS We evaluated the incidence of perfusion abnormalities and safety(More)
Abernethy syndrome (congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt (CEPS II)) as an etiology of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is uncommon. The severe hypoxemia and its consequences become incapacitating for the patient. Early shunt closure resolves hypoxemia and clinical symptomatology and prevents irreversible changes in pulmonary vasculature.