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Acinetobacter spp. are responsible for an increasing number of opportunistic, nosocomial infections. They have been isolated from diverse inanimate objects in the hospital environment and are resistant to most of the commonly used antibiotics. Existing media for the isolation of Acinetobacter spp. are either nonselective, allowing the growth of unwanted(More)
Acinetobacter spp. are important nosocomial pathogens reported with increasing frequency in outbreaks of cross-infection during the past 2 decades. The majority of such outbreaks are caused by Acinetobacter baumannii. To investigate whether desiccation tolerance may be involved in the ability of certain strains of A. baumannii to cause hospital outbreaks, a(More)
Immaturity of local innate defenses has been suggested as a factor involved in the pathophysiology of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). The mRNA of enteric human defensins 5 (HD5) and 6 (HD6), antibiotic peptides expressed in Paneth cells of the small intestine, have significantly lower levels of expression in fetal life compared with the term newborn and(More)
The taxonomy of the genus Acinetobacter, which includes several important nosocomial pathogens, has been confused due to a lack of discriminatory phenotypic characteristics for identification. Molecular methods such as amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) now enable the accurate identification of species. Ten clinical isolates of(More)
Acinetobacter spp. are being reported with increasing frequency as a cause of nosocomial infection and have been isolated from the skin of healthy individuals, patients, hospital staff, dry nonbiotic objects, and different pieces of medical equipment. Factors affecting the survival of Acinetobacter spp. under conditions closely similar to those found in the(More)
The genus Acinetobacter is subdivided into genospecies on the basis of DNA relatedness of strains. Phenotypic tests are insufficient to identify the genospecies to which an isolate belongs. The effectiveness of two previously described PCR-based methods for genospeciating Acinetobacter spp. was compared using a group of 32 well-characterised strains(More)
In this study, the authors used amplified enzyme-linked immunoassay (IDEIA Chlamydia test) on urine samples of 623 male patients attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic. They compared the results with routine urethral cell culture isolation, which showed a sensitivity and specificity of 72.6% and 98.6%, respectively. The sensitivity was(More)
BACKGROUND Following human mercury (Hg) exposure, the metal accumulates in considerable concentrations in kidney, liver, and brain. Although the toxicokinetics of Hg have been studied extensively, factors responsible for interindividual variation in humans are largely unknown. Differences in accumulation of renal Hg between inbred mouse strains suggest a(More)
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