Akrivi Manola

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Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system mainly mediated by Th1 and/or Th17 cells, which cross the blood-brain barrier. Recent evidence indicates that Th2 cells and mast cells, typically associated with allergic reactions, are also involved. Brain mast cells are critically located perivascularly and secrete(More)
Mercury is known to be neurotoxic, but its effects on the immune system are less well known. Mast cells are involved in allergic reactions, but also in innate and acquired immunity, as well as in inflammation. Many patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have "allergic" symptoms; moreover, the prevalence of ASD in patients with mastocytosis,(More)
PURPOSE To identify a novel, sensitive, nonradioactive leakage assay that can be used in the assessment of retinal vascular permeability in rats and mice. METHODS Breakdown of the vascular barrier was induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or diabetes. Biotinylated bovine serum albumin (bBSA) was administered as a(More)
CRH and its structurally related peptide urocortin (Ucn) are released under stress. Ucn is a potent agonist for CRH-receptor 2 (CRH-R2), which is strongly expressed in rodent heart. Stress induces Ucn mRNA expression in the heart, where it may be cardioprotective. However, increasing evidence indicates that Ucn may also have pro-inflammatory actions. Here,(More)
PURPOSE. To investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of aminoimidazole carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR), an analog of adenosine monophosphate (AMP), in endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU). METHODS. EIU was induced by subcutaneous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (200 μg) in Lewis rats. AICAR (50 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) was given 6 hours prior and at(More)
Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) cells present genetic instability and dysregulation of the gene C3ORF9, which was isolated from an MDS cDNA library and codes for a putative protein. We studied the expression of C3ORF9 in MDS syndromes to contribute to the understanding of the pathophysiology of MDS. One hundred and thirty-one patients and 35 healthy controls(More)
Herein we report the clinical presentation and radiographic findings of a patient with a known history of multiple nonossifying fibromas, also known as the Jaffe-Campanacci syndrome, who presented with persistent pleuritic chest pain after a fall and was found to have a small pulmonary embolus. The presentation, pathophysiology and management of the(More)
Spinal sarcoidosis is a rare manifestation of sarcoidosis that can present a major diagnostic challenge. Herein we present a case of a previously healthy 55-year-old man who presented with leg weakness and was found to have diffuse involvement of his spinal cord by neurosarcoidosis. He was treated with steroids and recovered completely. The clinical(More)
The constrained four parameter logistic model has found wide application in describing dose response relationships across many assay systems. This discussion examines the basic model and its practical application to potency testing in the context of the 96 well plate. A two step procedure is recommended for the analysis: (i) the constrained logistic model(More)