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Four viruses were tested for vertical transmission in Trichoplusia ni: T. ni nucleopolyhedrovirus (TnSNPV), T. ni cypovirus (TnCPV), Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), and AcMNPV engineered to express a scorpion toxin (AcMNPV.AaIT). Fifth instars were exposed to each virus, the survivors were reared and mated, and second-generation (F(1))(More)
BACKGROUND Blended learning is a combination of online and face-to-face learning and is increasingly of interest for use in undergraduate medical education. It has been used to teach clinical post-graduate students pharmacology but needs evaluation for its use in teaching pharmacology to undergraduate medical students, which represent a different group of(More)
— In this paper, we improve the formalism generated for the relationship that exists between information retrieval processes and quantum techniques, embodied in the concept quantum theory (QT) using their lexical constituents. Measurement is used as a parameter for understanding observables in relation to lexical content of a document which is extended to(More)
Death is an inevitable end that comes only when it comes. Part of the preparation to death is ensuring that one's assets are shared among the benefactors without rancor. Islam has defined the sharing formula of the properties of the deceased. The concept of inheritance from Islamic perspectives calls for no debate. The major challenge is how to get this(More)
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