Akiyoshi Uemura

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Tlx belongs to a class of orphan nuclear receptors that underlies many aspects of neural development in the CNS. However, the fundamental roles played by Tlx in the control of eye developmental programs remain elusive. By using Tlx knock-out (KO) mice, we show here that Tlx is expressed by retinal progenitor cells in the neuroblastic layer during the period(More)
During development, the retinal vasculature grows toward hypoxic areas in an organized fashion. By contrast, in ischemic retinopathies, new blood vessels grow out of the retinal surfaces without ameliorating retinal hypoxia. Restoration of proper angiogenic directionality would be of great benefit to reoxygenize the ischemic retina and resolve disease(More)
Interactions between endothelial cells (ECs) and perivascular mural cells (MCs) via signaling molecules or physical contacts are implicated both in vascular remodeling and maintenance of vascular integrity. However, it remains unclear how MCs regulate the morphogenic activity of ECs to form an organized vascular architecture, comprising distinct artery,(More)
In response to hypoxia, hypoxia-inducible factors act as the primary proangiogenic triggers by regulating transcription levels of target genes, including VEGF. However, little is known about the specific factors that control other components of the angiogenic process, particularly formation of matrix scaffolds that promote adhesion and migration of(More)
Angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2) is a key regulator of angiogenesis that exerts context-dependent effects on ECs. ANG-2 binds the endothelial-specific receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (TIE2) and acts as a negative regulator of ANG-1/TIE2 signaling during angiogenesis, thereby controlling the responsiveness of ECs to exogenous cytokines. Recent data from tumors indicate(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays essential roles in vascular homeostasis, neointimal formation, and postinfarct remodeling. Although Ang II has been shown to regulate apoptosis in cardiomyocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells, its role in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) remains elusive. To address this issue, we first performed TUNEL and caspase-3 activity(More)
Neuropilin (NRP) 1, previously identified as a neuronal receptor that mediates repulsive growth cone guidance, has been shown recently to function also in endothelial cells as an isoform-specific receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)(165) and as a coreceptor in vitro of VEGF receptor 2. However, its potential role in pathologic angiogenesis(More)
The bioactive lysophospholipid mediator sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) promotes the egress of newly formed T cells from the thymus and the release of immature B cells from the bone marrow. It has remained unclear, however, where and how S1P is released. Here, we show that in mice, the S1P transporter spinster homolog 2 (Spns2) is responsible for the egress(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) exerts proangiogenic action and induces activation of a variety of proangiogenic signaling pathways, including the Rho family small G proteins. However, regulators of the Rho family small G proteins in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) are poorly understood. Here we attempted to clarify the expression,(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor TLX has been proposed to act as a repressor of cell cycle inhibitors to maintain the neural stem cells in an undifferentiated state, and prevents commitment into astrocyte lineages. However, little is known about the mechanism of TLX in neuronal lineage commitment and differentiation. A majority of adult rat hippocampus-derived(More)