Learn More
Recently, a gene cluster involving a phosphorylase specific for lacto-N-biose I (LNB; Galbeta1-3GlcNAc) and galacto-N-biose (GNB; Galbeta1-3GalNAc) has been found in Bifidobacterium longum. We showed that the solute-binding protein of a putative ATP-binding cassette-type transporter encoded in the cluster crystallizes only in the presence of LNB or GNB, and(More)
The endoglucanase Cel5A from an anaerobic celluloltyic bacterium, Clostridium josui, contains family 17 CBM (CjCBM17) and family 28 CBM (CjCBM28) in tandem. Individual CjCBM17 and CjCBM28 and tandem CjCBM17/28 were constructed to determine the binding characteristics of CjCBM17/28 and to compare the binding affinity of the three CBMs. CjCBM17/28 bound to(More)
Lotus japonicus has been proposed as a model plant for the molecular genetic study of plant-microbe interaction including Mesorhizobium loti and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Non-mycorrhizal mutants of Lotus japonicus were screened from a collection of 12 mutants showing non-nodulating (Nod-), ineffectively nodulating (Fix-) and hypernodulating (Nod++)(More)
To examine the possibility of module interaction in the thermal unfolding of different modular architectures, four truncated proteins were constructed from Clostridium stercorarium Xyn10B: a family 10 catalytic module (CM10), a polypeptide compound of one family 22 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM22-2) and the catalytic module (CBM22-CM10), two family 22(More)
Clostridium thermocellum CelJ is a modular enzyme containing a family 30 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) and a family 9 catalytic module at its N-terminal moiety. To investigate the functions of the CBM and the catalytic module, truncated derivatives of CelJ were constructed and characterized. Isothermal titration calorimetric studies showed that the(More)
Glabridin is a major flavonoid included specifically in licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.), and has various physiological activities including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. We have developed and validated an analytical method for determination of glabridin in human plasma by solid-phase extraction (SPE) and LC-MS/MS. Glabridin was extracted from(More)
A family 22 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM22) from Clostridium stercorarium Xylanase10B raised the optimum temperature of the xylanase, but in the remaining activity of heating test, apparently the catalytic module alone showed higher remaining activity. Differential scanning calorimetry showed that CBM22 conferred resistance to thermal unfolding of the(More)
Thermal unfolding of Pseudomonas cepacia lipase (PCL) was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at pH 7. The peak temperature tp of the DSC trace increased with increasing concentration of the protein. The DSC traces could be successfully analyzed on the basis of the following mechanism, assuming the dissociation of a calcium ion upon(More)
The guanidine hydrochloride-induced denaturation of Pseudomonas cepacia lipase (PCL) was studied at pH 7 by monitoring the changes in the fluorescence and circular dichroism of the enzyme. The denaturation was irreversible as a whole, and the addition of Ca2+ ions decreased the velocity of the denaturation. The denaturation process was well explained(More)
Possible differences between two representative non two-state thermal unfolding mechanisms of protein are discussed concerning differential scanning calorimetry. Numerical simulations showed that, by DSC measurement, it is hard to discriminate between the independent model, which assumes independent unfolding domains in a protein, and the sequential model,(More)