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Recently, a gene cluster involving a phosphorylase specific for lacto-N-biose I (LNB; Galbeta1-3GlcNAc) and galacto-N-biose (GNB; Galbeta1-3GalNAc) has been found in Bifidobacterium longum. We showed that the solute-binding protein of a putative ATP-binding cassette-type transporter encoded in the cluster crystallizes only in the presence of LNB or GNB, and(More)
japonicus hypernodulating mutants, Ljsym78-1 and Ljsym78-2, by the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus sp. was characterized. The mutants are defective in systemic autoregulation of nodulation and nitrate inhibition, and form an excess of nodules and lateral roots. The percent root length colonized by the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi was significantly(More)
Clostridium thermocellum CelJ is a modular enzyme containing a family 30 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) and a family 9 catalytic module at its N-terminal moiety. To investigate the functions of the CBM and the catalytic module, truncated derivatives of CelJ were constructed and characterized. Isothermal titration calorimetric studies showed that the(More)
Bacillus licheniformis alpha-amylase (BLA) is widely used in various procedures of starch degradation in the food industry, and a BLA species with improved activity at higher temperature and under acidic conditions is desirable. Two BLA species, designated as PA and MA, have been isolated from the wild-type B. licheniformis strain and a mutant strain,(More)
Lotus japonicus has been proposed as a model plant for the molecular genetic study of plant-microbe interaction including Mesorhizobium loti and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Non-mycorrhizal mutants of Lotus japonicus were screened from a collection of 12 mutants showing non-nodulating (Nod-), ineffectively nodulating (Fix-) and hypernodulating (Nod++)(More)
The endoglucanase Cel5A from an anaerobic celluloltyic bacterium, Clostridium josui, contains family 17 CBM (CjCBM17) and family 28 CBM (CjCBM28) in tandem. Individual CjCBM17 and CjCBM28 and tandem CjCBM17/28 were constructed to determine the binding characteristics of CjCBM17/28 and to compare the binding affinity of the three CBMs. CjCBM17/28 bound to(More)
Thermal unfolding of Pseudomonas cepacia lipase (PCL) was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at pH 7. The peak temperature tp of the DSC trace increased with increasing concentration of the protein. The DSC traces could be successfully analyzed on the basis of the following mechanism, assuming the dissociation of a calcium ion upon(More)
1. The basic concept and outline of the subsite theory were described, which correlates quantitatively the subsite structure (the arrangement of subsite affinities) to the action pattern of amylases in a unified manner. 2. The subsite structures of several amylases including glucoamylase were summarized. 3. In parallel with the theoretical prediction(More)
A family 22 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM22) from Clostridium stercorarium Xylanase10B raised the optimum temperature of the xylanase, but in the remaining activity of heating test, apparently the catalytic module alone showed higher remaining activity. Differential scanning calorimetry showed that CBM22 conferred resistance to thermal unfolding of the(More)
To examine the possibility of module interaction in the thermal unfolding of different modular architectures, four truncated proteins were constructed from Clostridium stercorarium Xyn10B: a family 10 catalytic module (CM10), a polypeptide compound of one family 22 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM22-2) and the catalytic module (CBM22-CM10), two family 22(More)