Akiyasu Kanamori

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Optic neuropathy is the leading cause of irreversible blindness, and a paradigm for central nervous system axonal disease. The primary event is damage to retinal ganglion cell axons, with subsequent death of the cell body by apoptosis. Trials of neuroprotection for these and other neuronal diseases have mostly failed, primarily because mechanisms of(More)
Although glaucoma is known to alter glial reactivity, the long-term effect of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) on glial change has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to examine how chronically elevated IOP induced by episcleral vein cauterization (EVC) in unilateral eyes affect reactivities of astrocytes and Müller cells of rats in the treated(More)
The Akt serine/threonine kinase mediates pro-survival signalings in retina and was reported to be activated in a response to some retinal and optic nerve injuries. Human and experimental glaucoma induce apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). The purpose of this study is to test whether episcleral vein cauterization (EVC) to chronically elevate(More)
Axonal injury and degeneration are pivotal pathological events in diseases of the nervous system. In the past decade, it has been recognized that the process of axonal degeneration is distinct from somal degeneration and that axoprotective strategies may be distinct from those that protect the soma. Preserving the cell body via neuroprotection cannot(More)
BACKGROUND Optic tract syndrome (OTS) is characterized by incongruous homonymous hemianopia and a perpendicular pattern of bilateral optic atrophy due to the optic tract lesion. However, loss of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) associated with OTS has not been quantitatively assessed. CASE A 20-year-old woman with blunt head trauma showed(More)
Corroles are tetrapyrrolic macrocycles that have come under increased attention because of their unique capabilities for oxidation catalysis, reduction catalysis, and biomedical applications. Corrole-metal complexes (metallocorroles) can decompose certain reactive oxygen species (ROS), similar to metalloporphyrins. We investigated whether Fe-, Mn-, and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of chronically elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) on the expression of water channel aquaporins (AQPs) 1, 4, and 9 in the optic nerve and retina in rats. METHODS Three episcleral veins were cauterized to elevate IOP in the left eyes of Sprague-Dawley rats. IOPs were monitored with a rebound tonometer. At 2 and 4 weeks(More)
PURPOSE To compare the ability of circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness and macular parameters obtained by three spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) instruments to detect highly myopic glaucoma. METHODS In this study, 84 glaucomatous eyes, 53 normal eyes with high myopia, and 86 normal eyes (not highly myopic) were(More)
PURPOSE We compared the ability of circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness and macular parameters obtained by three spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) instruments to detect glaucoma. METHODS We enrolled 87 normal eyes and 145 glaucomatous eyes (75 early glaucomatous eyes (EGs), mean deviation > -6 dB). Each(More)
Purpose. Optic nerve injury causes loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons. The reduction in RGC counts over time in axonal injury is well studied, but the correlation with the timing of anterograde and retrograde axonal degeneration is less clear. The authors longitudinally imaged RGC axons stained with a chloromethyl derivative of(More)